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Violence in the family essay

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business plan winery It will be daunting, exciting, expensive, frustrating and much more. Violence In The Essay. But if you speak to any of the current wine producers in Ohio, nearly all will tell you it is what strategy paper rewarding. Violence. Most love their business; many are making a good living although admittedly some are struggling. The most successful operations have done lots of homework before the good paragraph essay first tank was ordered or shovel of dirt turned. If you plan to open a winery in in the family essay, the state of Ohio, the exploring following, supplied by our Division of Liquor Control will be an excellent resource (.pdf format): Ohio Winery Basics. These pages of our web site are devoted to a compilation of ideas from successful winemakers and informational articles collected over a number of years. The Ohio Wine family wishes you well and looks forward to getting to violence in the family, know you! Our office, the essay OARDC in Wooster, and the OGIP stand ready to provide whatever assistance we can to make your winery a success. We hope you find these materials helpful. In addition, please reference the following important links. The Grape Web Donniella Winchell Executive Director Ohio Wine Producers Association.

The Dollars and Sense of Starting a Small Winery. The wine business is capital intensive and violence, cash flow has been likened to trying to fill an upside down funnel. While many wine-making operations start on a shoestring, eventually the essay money will have to be spent if the owner wants the operation to violence essay, be more than a hobby. One thing is certain, lack of paragraph funds will slow, or even kill tour business, taking a lot of violence in the hopes, dreams, sweat and equity with it. When starting a winery it is very important to paragraph essay, have an accurate picture of what you will require in the way of assets. Believe me, it is always more than you might guess. Violence In The Family Essay. To get a rough idea what is entailed in winery start-up, we will look at essay checklist, the costs for a hypothetical 5,000 and in the family essay, 15,000 gallon winery using authentic numbers. We will then prepare a monthly cash flow analysis for career paper essay, the first 5 years using the violence in the family essay 5,000-gallon winery figures. Because banks are often unwilling to make a loan to essay, cover unanticipated expenses, the importance of being able to anticipate cash requirements cannot be over emphasized. This is where the violence monthly cash flow analysis is indispensable.

The first step in generating this important information is listing all the costs associated with your business. Next, divide all costs into either Capital costs or Operating costs. Generally speaking, capital costs are one-time expenses like your tanks and Operating costs are recurring expenses like payroll. If these numbers seem intimidating, don#146;t worry#151; they are. A small winery is simple essay about a miniature manufacturing plant, and manufacturing is very capital intensive. There are a pair of salient points to violence family, note. The first is simple essay about that the family total outlays do not determine the success or failure of the business.

Large capital expenditures up front can be covered by what is a research strategy paper, sales growth in ensuing years. Remember, it is money you are spending to build your cash-making machine. It is more important to keep operating expenses at violence in the family essay, a minimum. The second point to note is that your winery will live or die by cash flow. You need to develop a good understanding of your cash inflows and outflows before starting your business. It#146;s OK to be unprofitable for four to five years in a growing business; if you have correctly priced your product and have structured your debt and equity financing to provide sufficient cash to argument, cover expenses, you will become profitable. Conversely, a business which is violence essay profitable and growing rapidly, will be dangerously cash poor if adequate capital structuring is not in essay about my birthday, place. The expense of obtaining large amounts of short term financing for violence in the family essay, costly expansions can quickly eat up profits and destroy a business.

In summary, building a small winery is akin to eating an elephant-you do it one bite at good first, a time. Violence Family Essay. A carefully prepared five and ten year plan shows just how you plan to eat this elephant. By carefully tracking your progress against this plan you correct any problems before indigestion turns into an ulcer. For the first essay 5000 gallon winery the total first year expenses (capital + operating) are $249,214. First one must figure out how best to finance the capital expenses. These are the up front expenses that must be covered to essay, get the winery up and running. One early decision one must make is how much money can be raised for the project.

This will determine the debt to equity ratio, or simply the ratio of career paper borrowed money to the money you and in the family, your investors supply toward the capital costs. For this example we will assume a 1:2 debt to equity ratio. This is fairly conservative, but the higher the debt to equity ratio the greater the risk of being overextended. This means we will raise $105,132 and what research strategy paper, borrow $55,120. Probably the best way to borrow and keep monthly payments low is with a long-term mortgage. Long- term mortgages are usually the most flexible and violence essay, least expensive as compared to essay, equipment and personal loans. Mortgages are given on capital structures which in this case cost $68,900 (physical plant + grounds).

When taking a long-term mortgage be sure not to borrow more than 80% of the capital structure costs to avoid paying mortgage insurance, which is quite expensive. In other words, we want 20% equity in our capital structure. So we apply $13,780 of in the essay our own funds to the building, and finance the remaining $55,120. We now have 20% equity in the capital structure, and have $91,352 of the exploring connections essay questions money we raised to cover the balance of our capital costs and stay within our 1:2 debt to family essay, equity ratio. The monthly payments on a 30-year loan for $55,120 at 10% interest are entered on essay, the cash flow analysis sheet. Next the operating expenses are distributed throughout the violence in the family essay year when they will most likely be incurred. This gives the anticipated month to month total cash outflow. Some assumptions had to be made in order to develop a cash inflow chart.

The winery is designed to sell both on career, premise and off premise and will contain a retail sales room furnished with a tasting bar. The capital costs reflect this design. It is family essay assumed that the average retail cost of wine is $7/bottle. 85% of production is good essay sold at violence family, full retail and the balance is sold to a distributor at 50% of retail. First. This works out to be $32.68/gallon. It was estimated that a volume equal to violence in the essay, 7% of that sold was be poured as tasting wine.

This is entered into explanatory essay checklist the Production Schedule. Also entered into the Production Schedule and subsequently the cash flow analysis is a conservative annual sales growth rate of 15%. The years total cash inflows are distributed between the months according to the Monthly Sales % to reflect the seasonality of in the essay wine sales. It is assumed that the wineries first year sales were at the rate of 3,000 gallons/year but were not available for what is a strategy paper, sale until they were bottled in violence family essay, February. This accounts for exploring connections, the low sales volume recorded for essay, the first year, which begins in June when the first expenses are incurred. For simplicities sake the essay about winery produces exactly 50 gallons per year and will not increase its production for the duration of our analysis.

Operating costs are covered by a line of credit secured at 10% interest. Using data we generate it can be estimated that a line of credit no less than $56,000 will be required. See running total for violence in the, April of first year. The good news is that even with these fairly conservative growth figures the winery will show a profit by good first paragraph essay, October of its third year. Sales will be greater than production in year 5. If the proper planning was not made and arrangements to family essay, cover cash flow needs were not in place, this potentially profitable enterprise might have failed. Note: Parentheses indicate negative numbers. like the ones at Modesto. The cost for this inappropriate system would have been equal to half the cost of the winery building.

We spent some time in negotiation, and together we came up with an inexpensive alternative, which performed flawlessly. Sequence In Connecticut, as in some other states, the first requirement for the state application is to submit a valid federal permit. In other words, the state is relying on the BATF to check you out first. But because both agencies can be slow to act, this may put you in a time bind. In practice, it is what research paper a good idea to write to both state and federal agencies at the beginning of the violence essay process, informing them of your intention.

You can mention that you wish to receive your license in time to process your harvest. In some cases, when the BATF hasn#146;t acted in a timely manner, people have written a second letter, informing the esl writing argument essay BATE that they are proceeding with harvest. Try to address the letter to the official in charge of your region, and always keep copies of the correspondence. Registered return receipts are an essay inexpensive way to prove that you have been acting in my birthday, good faith. While none of this frees you from the legal requirement of obtaining licenses first, it has sometimes been helpful in family, the past. Since licensing can easily take a year or more, start as early as possible. Shortening the Time Line In some states a winery can sell another winery#146;s wine.

You can get your venture off the ground with wine you didn#146;t make to get cash flow going. Of course, most of the visitors are interested in tasting your wines, not someone else#146;s. This suggests that a better option is to set up a temporary winery, make wine for the first year#146;s sales, and then switch your license from the temporary winery to the permanent one. Essay Checklist. Garages are popular locations for this kind of essay activity, if not ideal ones. Another possibility is to share the premises of an existing winery, if state law allows. A variant of this theme is to have the first harvest processed at a nearby winery. The refrigerated grape juice can be stored for awhile, then transported to the new winery, where it will be made into wine. That may put ot#146;f the need to purchase a press and crusher until the second year. At Sharpe Hill, we are making wine in a temporary premise, after having the grapes pressed nearby. When the winery opens, we will have 10,000 bottles of wine in stock. Good Luck with your operation!

Howard Bursen is a winery and vineyard consultant who makes his home in what strategy, northeastern Connecticut. He can be reached by phone at (860) 974-3089, and by mail at P.O. Box 98, Abington, CT 06230. Model Description The economic decision-making model is designed to represent the economic and technological wine making environment facing the manager and violence in the, operator of a small winery. Mathematical programming techniques are used in a computer model to allow the effects of management decisions to be estimated, reflecting real circumstances as nearly as possible.

This will permit the approximation of maximum returns above costs. The model contains several critical production and essay, marketing decisions and winemaking activities that represent a winemaking business. For example, such decisions include: What types of wine and what varietals should be made and sold? How much of each wine type should be produced? Should grapes be purchased or should the violence in the essay winery engage in grape production? How large a vineyard will be required? What percentage of the wine should be white varietals and good first essay, what percentage should be red varietals?

What size of violence essay facilities and equipment should be used, considering investment levels required? How much labor should be hired in terms of year-round employees and seasonal labor? How can retail and wholesale markets be used? What are the first paragraph greatest net returns the winery can make? Several restrictions are imposed on the model representing technical requirements as well as marketing limitations. Violence In The Family. Technical constraints include the several processing stages that are involved in wine production. The model requires that no wine can be sold until these constraining factors have been satisfied and the wine is properly aged.

The model reflects this through the sales schedule by varietal as shown in Table 1 . This demonstrates that the model is a long#151;run equilibrium model that attempts to essay, determine the operating plan the winery will be using after six years. In addressing the violence in the essay economically best long-run plan, the first five years are not considered, however, an adequate cash flow during the essay questions establishment phase (which can last many years, often ten or more) is imperative to the financial survival of the business. It is crucial to consider the family cash flow of the winery. The model recognizes that: Labor, grapes, necessary equipment, and other supplies must be available when the checklist grapes are ready for processing. Grape production requires land, labor, and violence in the essay, various other inputs. Obviously, different facility sizes can produce different amounts of wine. These are the types of logical components that put a technological limit on how much wine production occurs. In addition to these and other constraints related to the technology, there are limits to what an individual winery can sell resulting from marketing conditions. In order to assure an appropriate blend of products sold, an individual wine varietal must lie between a minimum and maximum percentage of total sales volume. In most cases, an adequate selection of wine types is needed to what strategy paper, attract a sufficient number of customers. The location can also affect the violence family mix of wine types sold.

Wineries with high tourist traffic and essay checklist, those located on interstate highways report increased demand for sweeter wine; as indicated by conversations with individuals in violence in the family essay, the wine industry. One Eastern producer of viniferas reported that nearly 30% of sales were in a sweet Niagara. As the paper essay winemaker stated, the Chardonnay makes the prestige , but the Niagara makes the profits. One can conclude that a high#151;traffic location brings in different categories of violence in the essay retail customers. Simple About My Birthday. It is in the essay likely that there are higher numbers of good first paragraph unsophisticated wine drinkers desiring fruity, sweeter wines of high quality. Since these wines are less expensive to in the essay, produce, their increased sales boost overall profits of the essay winery. These constraints also reflect market saturation points giving an upper limit on in the family, the sales of any one type of wine. The amount of retail versus wholesale marketing is also dependent upon essay, the size of the winery. This study examines the in the family specific cases of six sizes of medium to small wineries in annual fermenting capacities of esl writing argument essay 100,000; 80,000; 40,000; 20,000; 10,000 and 5,000 gallons.

Ample storage capacities were assumed as required. In The Family. The retail amid wholesale prices per 750 ml bottle projected for each wine varietal under consideration are presented in Table 2. Note that Vidal and Seyval ate presented together here and good first, throughout the study because data were identical for the two varieties. The retail prices were discounted by 40% in violence family essay, order to good first essay, reflect wholesale prices. Since total wine production is not sold in the year in in the, which the wine is made, the prices are further discounted using net present value financial techniques to reflect a gradual sale of wine produced according to variety. Most equipment requirements and labor availability#146;s are taken from Metz (Wine East Buyers#146; Guide, 1991 edition).

Conversations with individuals within the industry supplemented this data to expand upon capacities and provide further capital requirement and depreciation information. Similarly, data was obtained on: 1. Esl Writing Essay. Building and non-vineyard land requirements and costs. 2. Equipment efficiency and processing rates. 3. Winemaking supply costs. 4. Labor costs and family, requirements 5. Grape requirements. About My Birthday. 6. Wine taxes.

7. Marketing percentage limitations. 8. Violence In The Essay. Other related factors. The resulting maximum and minimum sales of wine varietals as a percentage of total sales volume in gallons are given in Table 3. Simple About. These data were based on a survey that was conducted among winery managers in the Ozark Region. the maximum retail sales are projected by in the essay, annual capacity as follows: 100.000 gallon -22%; 80,000 gallon -25%; 40,000 gallon - 40%; 20,000 gallon -65%; 10,000 gallon -100%; 5,000 gallon -100%. Grape production data such as grape prices, grape yields, grape productions costs, harvest costs, anti similar information are obtained from published estimates (Kirchner, Price, arid Morris, Economic Analysis of Wine Grape Production in Arkansas - 1987). Data on general processing plant costs such as repairs and maintenance, insurance, and office expenses percentages were obtained from good paragraph essay, published sources in related food processing economic analyses (Price et al.).

While this provides a general flavor of the data utilized in this model, it is beyond the scope of family this paper to discuss in detail the particular aspects used in developing the economic decision-making model. Interested individuals should contact the authors. Findings of the Study The model#146;s projected capital requirements for the alternative winery sizes are provided in Table 4. The estimated gross revenue, costs, and net returns above costs are displayed in Table 5, while the schedule of lull-time employees is is a research shown in violence in the essay, Table 6. As the what is a strategy paper needed investments increased from $163,545 For a 5,000 gallon plant to family essay, $2,223,382 for a 100,000 gallon plant, the estimated net returns increased from $1,048 for the 5,000 gallon to a profit of $221,614 (Tables 4 and 5). However, the progression in estimated returns was not smooth as winery plant practices expanded from the 5,000-gallon minimum size. Profits for a 10,000-gallon plant were estimated to be $39,053 annually, but projected operations for a 20,000-gallon plant resulted in slightly lower profits of $30,836. Based on the prices and other data included in the model, wineries of capacities of connections questions 40,000 gallons per year or greater were estimated to be increasingly profitable. The model projected that expansion from the 5,000 gallon size to the 100,000 gallon winery resulted in steadily increasing net returns with the exception of the slight decrease at the 20,000 gallon level corresponding to violence in the essay, the greatest capital requirements per essay square loot (Table 4 and 5). The additional financial burdens in family essay, the model associated with the purchase of automatic bottling equipment coupled with a tripling of receiving and crushing equipment cost and other substantial increases in equipment and labor costs caused the essay expansion from 10,000 to 20,000 gallons to display a decrease in net returns.

Thus, with the in the family exception of the 20,000-gallon capacity winery, net returns were estimated to checklist, increase as the size of the winery is expanded from the 5,000-gallon level (Table 5). While net returns for the 5,000-gallon winery show a gain of only $1,048 per year, this in fact is quite favorable. The reasoning behind this is in the essay that almost all-conceivable costs are not considered (including a value for personal labor and a return on personal capital invested). About the only costs not considered in the model are taxes on paper essay, income and inventory. These results indicate a need to consider the potential wine sales market in violence family, contemplating expansion. The operation of a successful, profitable winery is dependent on thoroughly knowing and satisfying the market. Even assuming a decreasing retail sales percentage, increasing the size of the winery beyond the 20,000 gallon capacity results in ever increasing net returns up to the last estimated level of 100,000 gallon capacity. It is at this 100,000 gallon winery level where the greatest net returns are obtained at $221,314 annually. While this represented the greatest net returns, it also represented only the second highest returns to explanatory essay, capital above the interest costs.

Under these considerations, the 100,000 gallon winery had a 9.97% return to capital over and above the 12% already included for interest as compared to the 10,000 gallon winery, which displayed a 12.39% return on capital over and above interest costs. These results reflect the importance of retail sales in in the family, the operation of the small winery as a business. These findings also indicate the desirable nature of strategy both the 10.000 arid the violence in the essay 100,000 gallon winery under different considerations. Capital requirements for the different sized wineries are broken into various equipment categories in career paper essay, Table 4. In the model estimates, the most dramatic capital requirement increase in receiving and crushing equipment is seen to occur between the 10,000 and 20,000-gallon sizes. Only between these sizes did capital requirements nearly triple for receiving and crushing equipment.

The next most sizeable receiving and crushing equipment capital requirement increase is a $50,000 or approximately 8% increase between the violence 40,000 and 80,000 gallon level. Substantial increases of 564% in estimated capital outlay are also displayed for what strategy, the 20,000 gallon plant#146;s bottling equipment where the need for greater technological efficiency and violence in the family, increased capacity becomes necessary due to the expansion from the 10,000 gallon level. Cellar and essay, fermenting equipment, tanks, and barrels tend to display more even increases relative to the additional capacity achieved (Table 4). However, refrigeration equipment needs did not change for the 20,000 and 40,000-gallon levels nor was there an increase estimated in these costs between the 60,000 and 100,000-gallon capacities. Capital outlay requirements for all equipment were estimated to range from $89,545 to $1,174,382 respectively for essay, the capacities studied (Table 4). When the additional capital requirements for buildings, customer sales areas, and offices are considered, capital requirements range from $163,545 for the 5,000-gallon winery up to first essay, $2,223,382 for the 100,000-gallon winery. The substantial capital requirements for getting into the wine business are well evidenced by these estimates. Naturally, the amounts could differ.

Capital outlay would likely decrease with the purchases of used equipment, for instance. The problem (or many managers of wineries is what wines to produce and in what amount. The question is often answered in one of two ways. One way is the traditional vineyard-driven winery; the other way is the market-driven winery. It is the contention of the in the family authors that the path of simple about my birthday ruin frequently begins with the idea that the winery will make what it grows and violence, sell the resulting wines. However, the authors believe the more successful concept is to exploring, grow and make what you can sell. Violence In The Family Essay. This latter situation is one in which wine selection is connections essay driven by market conditions rather than by the grapes produced in the vineyard. Observing and analyzing market conditions will allow the winery manager to establish guidelines of an economically viable mix of wine sales in order to address decisions on what wines to produce and in family, what amounts. The breakdown of the mix of wine sales for the model winery by variety is presented in Table 7. White wine comprised 57.5% of sales with red wine accounting for the 42.5% difference. The heaviest concentration of wine sales was estimated to be in is a research strategy, the Vidal and violence essay, Seyval varieties.

Also, other varieties experienced relatively favorable profit margins as indicated by the fact that they are sold at checklist, a maximum percentage allowable within the model. As denoted by in the essay, the a in Table 7, these more profitable varieties are the Chardonnay, Vignoles, Cabernet, Cynthiana, and Chambourcin wines. Not surprisingly, these are the higher-priced wines. This demonstrates a need to closely investigate high-priced wines in the sales mix. Costs of production and potential marketability need to be carefully considered as well. Thus, a good indicator of the potential profitability of good first essay a given variety is the price of the violence wine relative to the cost and explanatory essay, amount of grapes required. Also, with the violence family exception of the esl writing argument essay Vidal and Seyval varieties, the family other wine varietals were sold at the minimum percentage allowable (denoted by b in Table 7). While the amount of wine sales naturally will change from one winery size to another, the percentages as related to capacity remained constant. When setting retail prices, the exploring connections essay manager of the winery must also consider the violence in the family effect that price has on sales.

While one should consider the about prices that local competitors charge for similar wines, one must keep in family essay, mind that while the competition needs to be considered, they may be charging too much or too little relative to marketing conditions. This study can provide a baseline for determining retail prices. From that baseline, the manager of the winery should experiment to paragraph, find the violence in the best price. It is crucial, however, to consider thoroughly the specific marketing environment involved. While Concord wine was included in argument essay, the model, none was ever produced or sold by the model winery since it was unprofitable at $2.50 retail per 750 ml bottle and the model did not require it to be produced. Concord may, of course, be worthwhile, depending on the market, as indicated by in the, the fact that some wineries do produce and sell it. Given that these results are specific to the data used, it would be useful to calculate the break-even wine prices under which the essay winery operator will just cover variable or total costs. Table 8 presents the break-even prices for the various varietals under different winery sizes. For the purposes of this table, variable costs are defined to be those costs related to violence in the essay, the production of one additional bottle of wine for the various varietals, assuming a winery is career paper essay already in operation.

Therefore, these variable costs include the cost of additional purchase or production and harvest of grapes, necessary utilities, bottles, yeast, wine taxes, and related supplies. Since all labor hired is for full-time, year-round personnel on salary, additional costs attributable to labor are non-existent. In The Family. Likewise, interest and insurance as well as depreciation and repairs and maintenance on capital equipment are irrelevant to these variable costs. Essay Questions. As Section I of Table 8 demonstrates, the variable costs attributable to producing an additional bottle of wine range from as low as $1.07 for Niagara at family, (lie 100,000 gallon winery to $1.97 (or producing a bottle of essay Cabernet at violence in the family, the 5,000 gallon winery. While prices would have to essay, be higher than this by a significant level to make a profit and cover fixed costs and constant labor expenses (salary), It displays the somewhat low prices necessary to justify producing additional wine once the winery is already in operation. These results also indicate the desirability of producing several varietals in a more diverse blend will increase the violence in the essay marketability and desirability of the business in essay, terms of attracting customers. In The Family Essay. Consequently, the production and sales of some less profitable wines may be justified when considering total operating profits. There is a steady increase in the required break-even price above variable costs as winery size decreases. While the amounts are not substantial, this indicates the increased technological efficiency of larger capacity equipment. The increased technological efficiency associated with higher-capacity wineries is even more evident from the break-even wine prices above total costs (Table 8, Section II).

It should be noted for the purposes of interpreting these projected prices that in order to allocate fixed and constant labor costs, all costs not considered as variable (in Table 8, Section I) were added before dividing by what paper, the total amount of in the production for the winery size in question. While technological efficiency in terms of research strategy paper mechanization is reflected in the tables, the violence in the family component of labor presents issues not represented within the break-even prices. The small winery has only limited expert stall. Career Essay. It is critical that those key people have time available for conducting the actual business operations amid management necessary in an economically suitable winery. Time must be devoted to planning, conducting marketing studies, making production management decisions, and developing a marketing strategy. While the violence family physical work involved in making wine is definitely important to the success of the winery business, it is good essay equally vital to devote adequate tissue for conducting business operations. In the violence family essay break-even illustration (Table 6, Section II), the required break-even price more than doubles in comparison to the break-even price above variable costs. This demonstrates the relatively large component of fixed and constant labor costs attributable to a winery and indicates the large pot lion of essay costs attributable to capital equipment (depreciation, insurance, interest, repairs, and maintenance) as well as salaried employees.

The group of red wines has an estimated higher break-even rice than do white wines. Red wine, due to the aging process, requires a longer time before it can be sold. Therefore, the net present value techniques that account for the storage costs and foregone interest that could be earned create a need for higher prices for red wines in general. Niagara displays the lowest break-even price above total costs, with Vidal, Seyval, and violence family essay, Vignoles also displaying favorable break-even price levels. Esl Writing Argument. Chardonnay possesses the highest break-even price for a white wine because its aging and violence in the family essay, sales scenario parallels the red wine conditions described. The 100,000-gallon winery possesses extremely favorable total cost break-even price levels at about $2.50 above the break-even prices for variable costs. At the higher capacity levels, the importance and potential of wholesale marketing should be investigated given these favorable price levels. As Table 8 illustrates, estimated break-even wine prices above total cost steadily increase with decreasing winery sizes.

At the esl writing essay 5,000-gallon winery level, this amounts to approximately five additional dollars per bottle over break-even prices above variable costs for several varietals (Table 8, Section II). Break-even wine prices range between $5.66 and $7.49 for the 5,000 gallon winery and in the essay, between $4.79 and exploring connections questions, $6.43 for violence in the, the 10,000 gallon winery. About My Birthday. These Findings demonstrate the need or very small wineries to emphasize a retail sales program of marketing. While this break-even analysis extends the usefulness of the research conducted, it should be noted that the violence in the family essay data used would still differ from the particular circumstances of any specific individual winery. Good Paragraph Essay. They are meant to be used as guidelines in focusing, planning, and stimulating decision-making processes. This study does not address the production of fruit and dessert wines. While these wines are often given a negative connotation by in the, modern winemakers, they can still be an important source of profit. A good example is given by some of the authors#146; observations of Concord which, when produced as a varietal, is sold at a approximately $2.50 per 750 ml bottle on a retail level. Essay Checklist. However, it is possible to violence essay, use Concord as a feed stock to produce a light sherry that can sell from $5.00 to $8.00 per essay 750-ml bottle. While this is only an in the family essay example, it serves to illustrate the simple essay about need to be open to essay, alternative products, especially those that may utilize otherwise less than desirable grapes.

Fruit wines can also be a very high-profit item. They often appeal to the entry-level wine drinker and often possess a high profit margin. Opportunities exist for converting low-cost, damaged fruit unsuitable for fresh market consumption and essay, creating a desirable, high-quality fruit wine. Conclusions The specific findings of in the family this study will not directly apply to any givers individual situation. Additional factors and components should be considered as they relate to the individual small winery and the goals of the owner and manager. The results do provide information, however, that will be of use in the management and operation of a small winery.

Several economic considerations for small wineries can be raised from the paper study. Violence In The Family Essay. Winery location is a component vital to a winery#146;s economic success or failure as a direct result of the influence of the area on marketability. Location is tightly bound to a winery#146;s marketing plan and its success. Observations by the authors indicate that this is perhaps the single most critical factor for the winery in essay checklist, the 5,000 to 20,000 gallon size. As this study shows, the bulk of sales should be at retail for the smaller wineries to survive. Customer flow into the winery should be the result of a deliberate and carefully planned marketing program. Part of the program can be the natural result of consumer traffic being exposed to violence family, the winery simply by passing by and being convenient and accessible. Therefore, it is important that a winery be on a relatively major route, not isolated on a side road. There is what is a research paper some evidence that shows that the in the most successful wineries are those clustered with other wineries.

Due to increased tourist traffic, a wine region will support more sales for the individual wineries than the isolated wineries could support for themselves. Cost of career paper essay marketing is often directly related to locations. Clusters of wineries can benefit from group advertising and promotions, On interstates and mains highways, identifying billboards and signs are of vital importance. Also, it must be observed that marketing costs are related to profits. It is the authors#146; observation that the violence family wineries that are growing are those with the strongest promotion programs, good locations, and good wine quality.

Those that are in isolated locations, without a good marketing plan are static in growth and in danger of going out of business. Crucial considerations in the planning process also include the influences of retail and wholesale levels as well as availability of different varietals desired by the customers. Of the esl writing six-winery sizes analyzed, the in the 100,000 gallons winery provided the greatest net returns at $221,314 annually. However, the 10,000 gallon winery provided the greatest net returns per dollar of capital invested at 12.39% above the 12% already included (or interest or opportunity cost of capital. What Research Paper. The 10,000-gallon winery provided this higher rate of return because it assumed that 100% of sales are at the retail level. While there is a necessity to evaluate the cost associated with obtaining grapes through purchasing or personal production, the risk associated must also be considered. Essay. If the required vineyard acreage is under separate management, the operator of a winery has limited control over the purchase price of grapes. This creates one type of distinct risk.

However, engaging in production of grapes in ones own vineyard comes with its own set of risks in production and related factors. Investments its vineyard acreage would be in addition to the substantial outlay of capital required for the investment of evens small wineries. The 100,000 gallon winery required both 125 acres and a total capital outlay of $2,223,382 for buildings, non-vineyard and, plant equipment while the 5,000 gallons winery needed 6.25 acres and $163,545 for other capital. Essay. Capital outlay requirements could be reduced, however, under varied circumstances such as purchasing used equipment. Wine production of the model winery tended towards white wine types with 57.5% of the total projection.

Not surprisingly, the model projected that higher priced wines were produced at the maximum level allowed. Nonetheless, it is advisable to examine the cost being accrued in the production of violence in the family essay all wine varieties and types relative to the price of the wine. A lower priced wine with relatively lower costs may be a more profitable venture than a higher-priced wine with relatively higher costs. Career Paper Essay. Individual circumstances have to violence essay, prevail in consideration of the value of individual wine varietals. Break-even analysis allowed estimation of the wine prices required to just cover variable costs arid total costs. Break-even analysis indicated the need to investigate the career paper potential of family wholesale markets for what research strategy paper, the higher capacity wineries. In comparing break-even prices above variable costs to the break-even prices above total costs, there tended to be a $2.50 to $5.00 per 750-ml bottle difference for violence family, the different winery sizes. These results indicate the fact that if a winery is already in production, a specific wine varietal may be justifiably produced if it is covering the break-even price above variable costs.

This allows consideration of increasing product availability in order to attract customers. The study results indicate that adequate planning and management is a key component to economic success or failure in the winery business. While there are many reasons to enter into the wine business other than making money, there is a distinct need to address the economic aspects of the wine business. Economically unsuccessful wineries are not managed by individuals who plan to paper essay, fail, but by managers who often fail to plan. Even if profits are not the primary motivation for owning anti operating a winery, they are often pertinent to the cash flow and very survival of the winery.

Detailed attention to production of premium grapes and the making of high quality wine at the sacrifice of family developing and following adequate business practices can still result in the winery going out of checklist business. It is the contention of the authors that the transitions from grape-grower to essay, wine marketer can be difficult. The authors believe that the winery owners and operators that make this conceptual transition are the ones that are the most economically successful. Knowing one#146;s market and operating in simple my birthday, such a way as to satisfy that market is essential to operating a successful profitable winery. Tips on Buying Barrels Apart from preferences for French or American oak, the major considerations (or buyers In the East who purchase barrels are price and availability.

Barrels from France cost several times as much as barrels made in the United States due to currency exchange rates arid, unless a tonnellerie is able to stock and ship barrels from the East. Either a hefty freight charge from violence in the family, California or placing a large minimum order In France may add significantly to the cost. Accepted standards of excellence in argument essay, oak barrels wherever they are made include quality wood with uniform grain and without insect damage or other defects. The wood should be hand-split rather than quarter-sawn, air#151;dried rather than kiln-dried, shaped over a wood fire rather than by violence in the essay, the use of steam, and toasted over an oak fire rather than by the use of propane. Career Essay. Only a limited amount of information can be obtained by family, examining a barrel before it Is used for wine: uniformity of grain arid color, degree of toast, the smelt of the barrel, and perhaps Its tightness.

Buyers should check for bits of wood or foreign matter inside every barrel, and broken staves or other shipping damage should also be looked for. Most barrels come with a one-year warranty, and it is important to make sure that the warranty is effective and that it states what happens if something goes wrong. The reputation of the seller Is important, and it may be wise to get references on both the essay checklist seller and the barrel manufacturer. The life of a barrel in terms of getting discernible flavor or complexity from the violence in the family oak is career generally considered to be between four and six years, after which the barrel must be rejuvenated or replaced. Violence Essay. Shaving the barrel is essay checklist one way of extending the life of a barrel for another four to six years, and barrels may be shaved once or twice.

A product known as Innerstave, which involves placing pieces of oak in a cylindrical construction inside the barrel, is another way of extending the life of in the family a barrel. A winery may find it advantageous to institute its own barrel buying and replacement program based on economic as well as winemaking factors. Advance planning ran help determine what percentage of career paper essay wine is to be kept in new barrels, in barrels three or four years old, and in barrels that have been shaved. Violence In The Family Essay. Experimenting with different kinds of oak for different kinds of exploring questions wine, or using different oak flavors in combination, may make economic sense. Essay. At least as much American oak is used for wine in the United States as French oak, and in recent years American coopers have been increasingly making barrels with the what is a strategy wine industry In mind. The use of Yugoslavian oak has been on the decrease during the past decade because of leakage problems associated with thc method of sawing staves used in that country. Although they are somewhat more expensive, silicone bungs are winning high marks for durability and ease of use.

They may be affected by sulfur, and should either be replaced with wooden bungs during sulfuring or protected by wrapping them in a product like Saran Wrap. (Excerpted from Consider More Than Wood When Buying Barrels, Wine East, July/August, 1988.) Buying Membrane Cartridge Filters Membrane filters permit a sterile filtration to be carried out just prior to bottling. Apart from choosing the violence in the family essay pore size of the filter to meet winemaking needs, most buying decisions are based on factors related to the maintaining of sterile conditions, the rate of flow, and good first paragraph essay, the total amount of wine that can be put through the cartridge before it is replaced. The two elements of the in the family membrane filtration system are the filter cartridge arid the housing In which it Is contained, with most manufacturers making both. Housings may be made of several different materials. Stainless steel is most frequently recommended, with both, #316 or #304 being available. Plastic is the least expensive, but cannot withstand heat sanitation requirements. O rings are considered to be a preferable way of sealing the cartridge in the housing.

Sanitation is simple essay my birthday Important, and all fluid contact points should be highly polished. The easier-to-clean gasket and clamp connections are preferable to threaded connections. The housing materials must also be compatible with the method of sterilization chosen, steam, hot water or chemicals. Essay. Steam requires a stainless steel housing. Chemicals may be used with any type of housing, but must be used with plastic housings. Explanatory Checklist. Certain types of chemicals, notably chlorine, cannot be used with certain materials.

Even though a filter membrane removes all spoilage microorganisms, there are many sources of contamination between it and a sealed container. Equal attention must be paid to in the family, sanitizing the filler, containers, closures and about my birthday, closure equipment. Just as the filtration system must he sterilized before it is used, it must be possible to test the system periodically to make certain it is working correctly and that there are no leaks. This process Is called integrity testing, and violence family essay, one factor in using a membrane filtration system is to essay checklist, determine which integrity testing system is in the family easiest to use. Cartridges come in lengths of 10, 20 and 30 inches. Each manufacturer uses a different membrane polymer that it considers superior. Some of the essay my birthday polymers are inert, some have a positive or negative charge; some are more fragile than others, some are reinforced. One of the biggest differences is that some polymers have more holes per square centimeter than other. All manufacturers sell filters in violence, different pore sizes that are in common use slip yeast.

For bacteria, a 0.45 micron pore size is required. Each cartridge length has its optimal rate of flow and Is available in a different price range. Buying properly sized equipment is important, for it is estimated that half of the first industry is violence essay guilty of the practice of speeding up the rate of flow by increasing the pressure through the filter. Increasing the rate of flow decreases the esl writing argument essay life of the filter, and family essay, a winery that increases the pressure may have to buy three to esl writing argument, five times as many filters per year than those using the correct flow. A winery that envisions future expansion can save the in the family cost of replacing one housing by essay, initially buying a housing to accommodate a 20 or 30 cartridge and then using a 10 cartridge until the need arises for a longer cartridge. Medium sized wineries can increase flow rates by placing a number of cartridges in multiple element housing. When buying multiple cartridge housings, buyers should make sure that cartridges are supported by three retaining rods rather than one to avoid having the cartridges twist under high flow conditions. In The Family. (Excerpted from esl writing essay, Basic Considerations in buying Membrane Cartridge Filters. Wine East Buyers Guide, 1988, and revised in violence, 1991) The Better Business Bureau One source of information that is frequently overlooked is the Better Business Bureau, of which there are nearly 200 local offices in the United Stales and Canada. While they are often thought of as a way of getting a complaint resolved the majority of contacts they have fall into the category of exploring essay inquiries, and they prefer it that way. They will provide information about a company before you do business with it. They also have a wide variety of publications and family essay, consumer information for distribution.

Most telephone books carry a listing for the nearest Better Business Bureau. The location of the closest office to you may also be obtained from the Council of Better Business Bureaus, 1515 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22209, or telephone (703) 276-0100. Tips on Buying Filters In filtration science, the terms absolute and essay, nominal are used to distinguish between the 100% removal of violence family particles and the less than 100% removal of exploring connections essay particles. Family Essay. It is common in winemaking to refer to paper, absolute filters and depth filters. Membrane cartridge filters, are in the category of absolute filters and remove 100% of the particles above a certain size. For a discussion of these filters, see Buying Membrane Cartridge Filters. Depth filters are up to 99% effective and do an excellent job of clarifying wine. Types available include plate or plate and frame filters, pressure leaf filters, lees filters, and vacuum pre-coat filters. Serviceable filters, such as those using a 10 inch microfine cartridge, are available for the amateur winemaker and may be used by small commercial wineries producing 2,000, 3,000, or perhaps up to violence, 4,000 gallons of wine.

The plate filter, or plate and frame filter, is the most economical and most versatile first unit for the small winery to consider buying and essay, is used in very large wineries to make smaller batches of wine. Plate and #145;plate frame filters are often used interchangeably, and violence in the, it may be helpful to research strategy paper, think of these units in violence essay, terms of their filtering media. The plates may support filler pads or sheets, on the plates may be placed in frames to permit diatomaceous earth filtering. A small winery processing a few thousand gallons will find a 6-plate or 9-plate filter adequate, each plate being 40 x 40 cm in size. A larger winery processing between 10,000 and 20,000 gallons may want In consider a 20-plate or 30-plate unit.

While more plates can be added, moving In 60x60 cm plates is recommended somewhere between 30 and essay about my birthday, 50 plates. If a new winery believes that it#146;s five-year growth will take it to between 10,000 and 20,000 gallons in size, money may be saved by initially buying at least a 20-plate unit. When, buying a 20- plate unit, purchase one with a double outlet manifold, because it affords better distribution of the wine into family essay the unit. A pressure gauge is important to help monitor filtration and should be purchased. Stainless steel housings are preferable to painted steel housings, stainless steel plates, however, are expensive, and it is often recommended that plates such as Noryl plates made of a food grade plastic be used instead. Plate filters can be used as diatomaceous earth filters. To do this, it is necessary to checklist, have at least 10 plates with, D.F. frames, and a winery planning ahead for in the essay, future growth could consider an eventual 60 frames. Two kinds of filters are made for specifically for diatomaceous earth filtration: vacuum pre-coat filters and pressure leaf filters.

The rotary drum vacuum filter Is mainly used for the filtration of freshly pressed grape juice, heavy tank bottoms resulting from juice clarification, fermented or unfermented lees, apple juice and apple juice sediments, enzyme treated fruit juice and vinegar lees. A new disc version of vacuum filter is what is a research paper fairly economical amid wineries with a production of 20-30,000 gallons may want to consider purchasing this unit, the violence family essay drum vacuum filter, more expensive and definitely more bulky, is used by wineries with capacities of 250,000 gallons and over. Essay. Pressure leaf filter are available in two formats, one with time filtering elements placed horizontally, and the other where they are vertically positioned. In The Family Essay. One advantage of the horizontal unit is that if filtration must be stopped for any reason, there is no chance of having the filtration cake fall down from the screen as is the case with, the good first paragraph essay vertical unit. On the family essay other hand, only one side of the screen can be used on the horizontal unit, as opposed to using both sides of the screen on the vertical unit. The vertical unit is usually more compact and was at one time less expensive. Today the filters with the horizontal screens are comparable in essay, cost and have overtaken the vertical units in popularity.

Other major buying considerations include the ease with which the unit can be operated and violence essay, cleaned. The method of cake removal is argument also a consideration, the dry cake discharge being preferable to wet simply on the basis of waste disposal. In The Family Essay. Units are available in stainless steel or stainless steel alloys. Where bronze is esl writing argument essay used, there is the possible problem of the bronze oxidizing and turning green. There are a number of factors involved in making a decision as to whether to convert a plate filter into a diatomaceous earth filter or buy a pressure leaf filter.

There can be substantial savings of time in the speed of violence family essay operation and in cleaning and pre-coating by using a pressure leaf. The drawbacks of a pressure leaf filter for first, some users could be that it is more difficult to operate, that the violence minimum production lot size should be 250-300 gallons, and that the hose should not be moved from, one small container to another during filtering. A quick economic test can help determine whether a lees filter should be purchased. For every 100 gallons of lees produced, approximately 50 gallons of wine can be recovered. At $3.00 a gallon, $150 could be saved for explanatory checklist, each 100 gallons of lees. Family. With the selling price of a small lees filter at about $10,000, it would be necessary to save about good first $2,000 a year before considering the purchase of a lees filter. This test would not apply if there were also a different application for the lees filler such as filtering juice to get clear juice before fermentation. Filters are sometimes designed to do more than one job.

A lees filter, for example, can be bought that can be used both as a lees filter and as a filter for finished wine by acquiring two types of plates and a special type of pump. The reverse is violence family essay not true: a plate fitter cannot be used as a lees filler because of the high pressures at connections essay questions, which lees must be filtered. Buying a filter for dual purposes is a controversial subject. There are those who believe, that optimal results come from using equipment designed for a specific purpose. Others believe that combination units make sense in terms of in the economics. In addition to the dual option lees filter, plate and frame filters are available that can make a virtually sterile filtration.

If there is any one piece of advice consistently given by those who make and sell filtration equipment, it is to emphasize the willingness of simple essay those who serve the industry to work with whenever they need help. Almost without exception, the suppliers of filter equipment and media would prefer to work with new customers right from the start and thus minimize the number of in the family essay problems. (Excerpted from essay checklist, What to family essay, Look for When Buying Filters, Wine East Buyers#146; Guide, 1988, and exploring connections essay questions, revised in 1991) Tips on Buying Stainless Steel Tanks When locating tanks, leave at least a four-loot alleyway between the essay bases of tanks for pumps and hoses, six to eight feet if a forklift will be used In the tank area. Head room should be allowed for, a minimum of 2-1/2 to 3 feet from the top of time tank and the ceiling. If tanks are to be placed outdoors, will local zoning requirements pose a problem? Tanks of 250 gallons or less are usually put on a cradle, and tanks of 20,000 gallons or more on concrete foundations. Other tanks may be put on esl writing argument essay, a concrete foundation, a mild steel base, or mounted on legs (avoid wooden platforms because of the difficulty in essay, cleaning underneath). Mounting on legs may be more practical for the smaller winery because a small press can be moved right under time tank.

Methods of proper temperature control must be considered, and can range from placing tanks in a cold room to the use of heat exchangers or internal coils. Jacketing requirements can be calculated from a number of variables, and a decision on refrigerants is usually made prior to ordering the insulation jackets. Depending on the size of tank arid the supplier, it may be prohibitively expensive to add jackets to tanks at a later date, or it may be possible to do so at a reasonable cost. Esl Writing Essay. Ordering several tanks at one time, or combining an order for tanks with another winery may lower the per-unit manufacturing cost and save on in the essay, shipping charges. It is most economical to ship a full truck load. Some manufacturers can cut costs when tanks are ordered in standard sizes. Other companies are equipped to custom-build tanks to customer specifications at an affordable cost. The gauge of steel used in constructing a tank is exploring generally dictated by the size of the tank.

Type 304 stainless steel is the least expensive; type 316 with nickel added is in the family more corrosion resistant and its use may be advisable depending on the amount of exposure to SO2 and high acid wines. A mill 2B finish is usually adequate. The size and career essay, type of drain fittings must be compatible with other equipment. A variety of diameters and types are available. In The Essay. A common mistake made by newer wineries is to use a pump that is too small, and a size with a diameter of at least 1-1/2 inches should be used from the argument essay start.

Get more than one estimate. Essay. The size and capabilities of esl writing argument a manufacturer may make prices more competitive for one size tank than another. Violence In The Family. Make sure that the estimates are based on the same specifications, particularly in simple essay my birthday, terms of the weld and how it is finished out. The proper cleaning and sanitizing of tanks is family essay a point most manufacturers stress. Esl Writing Argument Essay. Any area that does not have a smooth, flat surface is a potential source of contamination. Special attention should be paid to weld areas, behind doors and under the gasket. (Excerpted from Buying Stainless Steel Tanks: A Primer. Wine East, November-December 1986) Tips on Buying a Wind Machine While wind machines have traditionally been used to help safeguard against essay late spring frosts, recent research at Kent State University indicates, that in the East a wind machine may also be used effectively in mid-winter during periods of explanatory essay checklist severe cold to keep temperatures in the vineyard above the critical level that would cause extensive damage to vines. On nights when there is a temperature inversion, the temperature near the base of a vine can be as much as 4°C lower than at the top of the vine and 6°C colder than 15 meters above the essay ground. A wind machine can mix the colder air on the ground with the warmer air above to raise the temperature at simple essay my birthday, ground level. Violence. The decision to buy a wind machine may depend in large part on the uses to which the wind machine is to be put. If the career paper wind machine would be intended for use only to protect against spring frosts, comparative costs can be calculated for essay, a wind machine with and without heaters versus the rental costs of a helicopter.

Minimum standards for wind machines have been developed by Dr. James K Ballard of about Washington State University. According to him. the tower should hold a propeller 32 to violence, 41 feet off the ground, the motor should strong enough to propel the air 300 to 400 feet, with 10 horsepower per research paper acre being supplied at the propeller. The propeller should be a 6° angle from the vertical, revolve at approximately 590 revolutions per minute and make a 360-degree horizontal rotation every 4-1/2 minutes. In a recent development, fiberglass blades are replacing aluminum blades because of their resistance to corrosion.

(Excerpted from Should You Consider Buying a Wind Machine?. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide. Violence In The Family. 1990.) Tips on Buying Vineyard Equipment and Supplies Large pieces of equipment such as tractors and mechanical harvesters are frequently bought from dealers handling a particular manufacturer#146;s brand, while commonly used items such as pruning shears are widely available as garden centers or other stores. Exploring Connections. In vineyard country a wider selection may be carried at the local branch of essay a chain such as Agway. Essay. Businesses that specialize in selling vineyard equipment and supplies may do up to 90% of their business by mail or telephone.

Their catalogs generally list items in greatest demand as well as newer products that are considered to essay, offer good value. The expertise offered by a specialty business should include a working knowledge of the kinds of equipment or supplies required to do a particular job or quantities that would be needed, for example, to plant four or five acres of career paper grapes. Don#146;t expect specific advice on how to care for a vineyard, however, because there are too many variables from one site to another. If you are a newcomer to the vineyard, it should be noted that for your own benefit as well as the suppliers, it is helpful to plan ahead. By forecasting the scale of your operation before you plant, for instance, you can buy the correct size tractor, one that is neither too big nor too small. Arrangements may sometimes be made for heavy or bulky items to be shipped directly to the customer from a nearby manufacturer. If machinery with moving parts is ordered, the question of servicing should be discussed, Parts should be available for shipping within 24 hours. Courteous service and the prompt, efficient handling of catalogs, price lists and order forms should be automatic. It is in the always best to know the principals in the business and be able to trust their opinions. In no way is good first paragraph it unusual for an out-of-state customer to visit a supplier, but it is wise to call ahead and violence essay, say you are coming. (Excerpted from Buying Vineyard Equipment and Supplies. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide.1989, and revised in 1991) Tips on Being a Good Customer Suppliers appreciate courtesies extended to them by customers.

Should you have to cancel an appointment with a supplier, call in about, advance to in the family essay, arrange a new time. Don#146;t take up a lot of argument a supplier#146;s time if you know you will be buying the items elsewhere. If you need to delay payment of family essay a bill, call, don#146;t simply play hard to find. The relationship of trust between a buyer and checklist, a seller is a valuable and mutual asset. Tips on Buying and Handling Yeasts In a very real sense, the key to family, buying arid handling yeasts is directly related to the realization that a winemaker has much more control over essay about my birthday the fermentation process than he or she may have thought possible. Violence In The Family. The starting point is for the winemaker to decide on the particular style of wine to be made. Most of the reputable yeast manufacturers give very good descriptions of first paragraph what their yeast should do and violence essay, what its#146; characteristics are.

Once the winemaker is aware of the characteristics of each strain, a determination can be made whether they are of significance for the particular wine being made. Enological considerations include: Alcohol tolerance: How well the simple essay my birthday yeast resists alcohol, especially towards the end of essay fermentation. Sugar to alcohol yield: Nearly all yeasts today have excellent conversion of sugar to alcohol, fermentation speed, and whether the yeast works better at higher or lower temperatures. Tendency to what research strategy paper, foam. Tendency to produce a fruity character in the wine. Level of S02, H2S and volatile acid production. Level of in the glycerol production. Ability of yeast to what research, consume malic acid. Relationship to the killer factor Once the selections of yeast is made, it then becomes important how the violence family winemaker handles the yeast to get the best performance from it. Storage conditions, rehydration and nutrition are all important. Very often, a manufacturer#146;s representative will be of substantial help after the yeast has been selected.

If there is a single most important recommendation, it is: Read what the argument manufacturer says. Family. Listen to the representative#146;s advice. (Excerpted from Evaluating the Role of good Yeasts in Winemaking: An Interview with Clayton Cone, Wine East Buyers#146; Guide, 1989) Tips on Buying a Tractor Adequate horsepower is an essential consideration for a tractor used in violence in the family essay, the vineyard. Two kinds of horsepower are frequently referred to: the rated power take-off horse-power, often called PTO horsepower; and drawbar horsepower, the amount of power available at the drawbar for towing. Drawbar horsepower is typically 91-92% of simple essay my birthday PTO horsepower. Both types of horsepower must be considered in the operation of a sprayer. PTO horsepower is generally what is referred to in tractor advertising and if a sprayer requires 45 horsepower, 45 PTO horsepower is usually what is meant. Metric measurement in kilowatts is sometimes given, however, and one kilowatt equals approximately three-quarters of essay one horsepower. If sprays are to be applied uniformly, tractors should be able to maintain a constant speed and a constant rate of spray application. For a fan to operate at rated capacity, adequate horsepower is required to power the sprayer at a rated speed of PTO rpms. The tractor must also have adequate power to essay, maintain ground speeds on upgrades, and ground speed involves drawbar horsepower. Family. Since the throttle setting on the tractor is dictated by the rated PTO speed, the ground speed must be controlled by gear selection rather than adjusting the throttle.

It is important to make sure than the tractor you are considering has the selection of gears you will need. Information on explanatory essay checklist, tractor weighting, tire selection and fuel economy may available at extension offices. They may also have the unbiased test results for violence essay, various tractors from the simple about Nebraska Tractor Test Laboratory. Other factors to in the essay, consider are whether the tractor will be intended for paper, in wide or narrow rows, equipment options and, not least, the violence family essay availability of parts and service. (Excerpted from Buying a Tractor: Some Considerations. Paragraph. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide.1987.) Tips on Mail Orders If you order by mail, your purchase must be shipped or a notice of violence in the family delayed shipment with an option to cancel must be sent within 30 days after the company receives your completed order. While you have more legal protection under federal law if you order by mail, rather than by telephone, you should still take the time to check out any company you are in doubt about, and to keep a complete record of the order including name and research strategy paper, address of the company, date of order, and method of payment. Violence Essay. (Excerpted from Careful Buying Saves, Time and Money, Wine East Buyers#146; Guide 1987.) Tips on Buying Labels The choice of paper used for labels depends in part on essay, the type of equipment used for labeling. For manual labeling, a heavier paper is preferred, usually an violence 80 lb. stock. What Is A Research Strategy Paper. A lighter 60 lb. stock is better for automatic equipment. The type of paper is also important. A 70 lb. smooth paper works well on an automatic labeler; a 60 lb. weight is essential for family essay, a linen finish because of tile grooves.

Paper, like wood, has a grain, and simple about my birthday, the grain determines which way the violence in the family essay paper curls. Care must be taken so that the label will curl horizontally, not vertically, and that the label curls in, not out. Paper, bottle and glue must all work together, and it is advisable that a test of all three be made before the actual print run takes place. In addition to what research paper, finding compatible glue, some bottles may have chemical residues on them that will affect the final choice of glue. Since paper is an unstable product that can be affected by in the family essay, humidity, temperature and the nature of the paper itself, proper storage of labels is about my birthday important. Labels should be properly wrapped and violence in the, kept in a dry place. Strategy Paper. Uncoated labels should be placed in the bottling area at least 24 hours before they will be used.

A variety of coatings are available to help protect the label against scuffing. The labels on larger bottles are more susceptible to damage when shipped for a long distance by rail or truck. Except for some#146; labels printed on text paper, most labels should probably be varnished. When having labels printed, order more than you think you will need: 200 extra if 1,000 are being printed, and 52,000 if 50,000 are being printed. To avoid wasting good printed labels, ask the printer for blank labels for use when starting up the violence family essay labeling equipment. Standardizing on one size and is a research, shape of label may result in a saving on violence in the family essay, printing costs. Having two or more labels printed at one time can also mean worthwhile savings. Using a printer with experience in first paragraph, printing labels is a good idea, no matter how knowledgeable you are.

A good printer will be aware of the need for family, government approvals, the compatibility of esl writing argument glue, and paper grains. Above all, the printer is a good double check, it can be dangerous to make decisions oneself. Violence In The Family Essay. Blake Printery in San Luis Obispo, California, has developed a ten-step approach to the label process: 1. Essay. Decide on marketing and distribution. 2. Choose a designer. 3. Violence In The. Select a label design and get printing estimates. 4. Select your label printer. Esl Writing. 5. Finalize design and secure tentative approval from BATF or other government agency. 6. Test run your label paper, glue and bottles. 7. Check all specifications with winery personnel and the printer. In The Essay. 8. Get final approval from applicable government regulatory agency. 9. What Is A Research Strategy. Proofread the label again and check UPC codes if used.

10. Store labels properly prior to bottling. (Excerpted from Avoiding Pitfalls in Buying Wine Labels, Wine East, July-August, 1987.) Tips on Guarantees and Warranties A guarantee or warranty is a statement by a manufacturer or vendor to the effect that the family essay company or individual involved is standing behind the product or service and will make good if the product or service does not live up to the claims made for it. Esl Writing Argument. The reliability of the person or company behind the in the guarantee is important. The time to check a warranty or guarantee is at the time when a purchase is being considered, and shopping for a warranty or guarantee should be part of the buying process. Waiting until something is found to be defective or needs repaired is not the time to find out esl writing argument how good the warranty is. Here are some things to be considered, according to the Council of in the family essay Better Business Bureaus: What is covered? The entire product? Only certain parts? Is labor included? Who do you call when you need repairs that are covered by what, the warranty? The manufacturer?

The dealer? A service agency? Must repairs be done by a factory or authorized dealer service to violence family, keep the warranty in argument, effect? If yes, is such a dealer located within a convenient distance of you? Who pays for violence family, parts, for labor, for shipping charges? How long does the warranty last on the entire product? On parts and assemblies? If pro-rata reimbursement is provided, what is the essay basis for it?

Length of ownership? Usage? Original cost? If the warranty provides reimbursement, is violence essay it in cash or credit towards a replacement? Will a substitute product be provided while yours is being repaired? Check on limitations and conditions, what the warranty covers and what it doesn't. Most of the so-called unconditional guarantees are in fact subject to some conditions. Needless to simple essay, say, oral promises are not as binding as written promises. Once the purchase has been made, keep the warranty and sales receipt in a safe place, noting the date of purchase and the date of family installation. If you are required to register your purchase by returning the warranty card, be sure to do it. Exploring Connections. Before using the violence in the essay product, read the owner#146;s manual or instruction sheet.

Follow the proper care and use instructions and be certain that any specific routine maintenance or service suggested or required by the warranty is checklist preformed. Violence Family. A record should be kept of any service or repair work done after purchase. If trouble develops, report the problem as soon as possible, trying to fix the product yourself may void the connections essay warranty. Remember: the best guarantee of a good guarantee is the care you take in making your purchase. Violence Family Essay. (Excerpted from, Careful Buying Saves Time and what is a research paper, Money. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide, 1987.) Sales Schedule of Wine Production By Wine Varietal and Year. Years Where Year 1 is Production. Essay. Retail and Wholesale Wine Prices per 750 ml Bottle by Wine Varietal. Argument Essay. Maximum and Minimum Sales of Wine Varietals as a percentage of Total Sales Volume in in the, Gallons. Capital and Vineyard Acreage Requirements by Equipment Type and Winery Size.

Square Feet of Buildings and Sales Area. Estimated Annual Revenues, Costs and Net Returns by Winery Size. Winery Size (Annual Capacity in essay, Thousand Gallons) Wine Sales in Volume in Gallons by violence essay, Wine Varietal and Winery Size. Winery Size (Annual Capacity in Thousand Gallons) Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank the numerous winemakers who have contributed to this study. Special Thanks are due to Andrew Post of Post Winery in Altus, Arkansas, who contributed significantly in research, establishing processing cost. Metz, 0 . Violence In The. Packaging Line Considerations for Small Wineries. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide.

1991 edition. Exploring Connections Essay. P. 10-25. Kirchner, D. A., C. Price. and J. R. Morris. Economic Analysis of Wine Grape Production in Arkansas -1987. Agricultural Experiment Stations Special Report 130. March 1988. Price, L., et al. Planning Data for Marketing.

Selected Fruits and Vegetables in the South; Part 1-Canning handbook. Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin 146. June 1968. Ward. D. Planning Guidelines for Small and Medium Sized Wineries/Juice Plants in Arkansas. Unpublished Masters Thesis.

1991. Essay. What I Would Do Differently: What if games are usually fun and quite often instructive. The idea of explanatory checklist asking winemakers what they would do differently if they could start their winery operations all over violence in the family essay again was the result of a visit with Alan Wolf of Conneaut Cellars in Conneaut Lake, Pennsylvania. As we walked through the winery, we talked about his need for simple about, more room. If I were doing it over, Alan. said, I would have built the ceilings at least 12 feet high. They#146;re only eight feet high because I wanted it to have the appearance of violence family a wine cave or a wine cellar. Essay. Then, to save floor space, I would have bought different tanks that would go all the way up to the ceiling.

It would be interesting to know what other people might have done differently, Alan continued. For example, I would have bought a D.E. Family Essay. filter right off the bat rather than fool around with a cartridge. I would have made sure that my crusher was made entirely of stainless steel and that nothing was coated. Then, again, I would have thought about making the tasting room larger. I didn#146;t know about bus tours in those days. Alan#146;s idea seemed worth pursuing, and we began asking other winemakers what they would change if they had the opportunity to start over. Angelo Pavan of Cave Spring Cellars in Jordan,Ontario also talked about tanks: We used concrete when we installed our first tanks, he said, and we can#146;t rearrange them. If we were doing it over, we would put the tanks on legs. Simple Essay. Along the violence essay same lines, Archie Smith Ill, of Meredyth Vineyards in Middleburg, Virginia, warned against first using wooden platforms for tanks because of the difficulty in in the, keeping them clean.

Rob Harper of Naked Mountain Vineyard in simple about my birthday, Markham, Virginia, responded by saying that he would have built a winery building from scratch rather than try to convert an existing building. The cost of family ripping out walls, electrical work and other costs of conversion exceeded the cost of my birthday a metal building he built more recently. If he had to violence in the, do it over, he would put up a 40 x 40 foot metal building with an attractive facade. Arnie Esterer of Markko Vineyard in Conneaut. Ohio, built his winery himself, and he admits that a little more professionalism in the construction would have been helpful. I planned to do more than I should have, he says.

One of the projects that was never completed involved placing wood siding on the concrete walls of the winery building and explanatory essay checklist, adding more insulation. A common regret expressed by a number of winemakers was that they should have made allowance for increased storage space during the planning stage. Arnie Esterer found that he needed additional storage space for empty bottles. Doug Moorhead of Presque Isle Wine Cellars in North East, Pennsylvania, said that his biggest error was not allowing enough bin and bottle space. Financing was another topic that frequently came up. Bob Harper stated that he should have lined up a partner or some sort of financing before he got started. Under-capitalization became a problem and, looking back, he would have insisted that he have more capital on hand and a better plan. Bob is convinced that proper planning is just as important as adequate capitalization.

Jerry Forest of Buckingham Valley Vineyards in Buckingham, Pennsylvania, answered our question by saying that he would probably have borrowed a little more money white interest rates were lower. Bob Mazza of Mazza Vineyards in North East, Pennsylvania, would have taken a much more conservative approach towards spending. He noted that while it is possible to buy used equipment today, very little was available in 1972. Art Hunt of Hunt Country Vineyards in Branchport, New York, actually did start over after his original winery, Finger Lakes Wine Cellars, was merged with Glenora Wine Cellars in Dundee, New York. In terms of advice he says flatly that many winery operators need to in the, spend more time evaluating sales and cash flow and comparing them to projections. Unless these statistics are tracked month by questions, month, the winery is continually flying by the seat of its pants. Jim Gifford of violence essay Fox Run Vineyard in Penn Yan, New York, astutely observed that starting a winery is a long learning curve that can#146;t be speeded up. Career Paper. A slightly different perspective was offered by Whitie Hubert of Tarara in Leesburg, Virginia, who is convinced that he did a lot of things right at violence in the, one time when he hired people who had experience in Virginia. Turning to the subject of what is career essay planted in the vineyard, Dick Naylor of Naylor Wine Cellars in Stewartstown, Pennsylvania, who markets 30 wines, says that when he was getting started he felt that it was necessary to plant many different varieties in order to determine what grows best in violence family essay, his area. Today, he would plant far fewer varieties.

Archie Smith III, also pointed out that not much was known in 1970 about the essay varieties that should be planted or about violence in the family essay site selection. If he could do it over, lhe would change the varietal mix in the vineyard and plant some varieties in other locations. Bob Wollersheim of The Wollersheim Winery in Prairie du Sac, Wisconsin. said that he probably wouldn#146;t have done that much differently in the vineyard or winery, but he would have developed a stronger marketing plan. Archie Smith added that a more professional job of explanatory checklist marketing should have been done by Meredyth Vineyards early on. Doug Welsch of Fenn Valley Vineyards in Fennville, Michigan, would not change the violence in the original selection of vinifera and hybrid varieties planted in the vineyard, but he would change the way in which the simple about wines made from violence in the family essay, them were marketed.

A lot of effort in explanatory essay, the 1970s went into promoting Seyval as a varietal name primarily because that was what was being done in New York State. Today he would build market recognition on the basis of well-known vinifera varieties. Essay. Wines made from the hybrids would be sold under proprietary names. Richard Caplan of Twin Brook Winery in Gap, Pennsylvania, started with the premise that a winery should be guided by what the public wants to buy rather than making a product selection in advance. His winery started with ten different wines, moved up to 18, and explanatory essay checklist, is now scaling back to ten basic wines plus a seasonal wine or two. Dirgham Salahi of violence family Oasis Vineyard in Hume, Virginia, listened to essay, the question, tossed his head, laughed, and said, l#146;d invest my money somewhere else! Tips on Buying Packaging Equipment. One of the biggest decisions a winery can make occurs at the time when a switch is made from simple hand machines to automatic ones for bottling, corking, capsuling, labeling and violence in the, casing. Capital and limited time are the two main factors in making the decision. In general, hand machines predominate in wineries producing less than 10,000 gallons and some kind of automatic line is purchased when production exceeds 20,000 gallons.

When making the exploring essay decision, it usually pays to estimate the cost of automating and family essay, financing over at least a five-year period as opposed to continuing hand operations. Bottle Cleaning and Sparging. Blowing and rinsing are the esl writing argument essay two methods of bottle cleaning. In The. Blowing is less popular in the East than in the West because higher humidity and long glass storage time make it difficult to maintain sterile conditions until the filling operation starts. Career Paper. Hand spargers built locally are often used by smaller wineries bottling less than 25 bottles per family minute. In choosing a blower, the bottle should either be inverted when being blown or there should be a system for Suction removal of air and particles. Sterile water can be used for rinsing as long as the glass is sterile. If it is not, a recirculating pump enables reuse of a solution of esl writing argument 20,000 PPM of SO2.

Rinses should be made entirely of stainless steel and must be large enough to allow time for the rinse material to spray into the bottle and to drain out again. Some rinsers come with a calibration chart that can be used to family essay, determine rinser performance through the correct sizing of the machines. A rinser will always have more spouts than the filter it precedes. Filling and Corking. Straight gravity is the simplest and best system for filling. Low depression is used only for hard-to-fill wines (such as those that are high in esl writing argument essay, residual sugar).

Vacuum filling is becoming obsolete because of the greater oxidation of the wine and the difficulty in maintaining sterile filling. In The Family. Simple filters that can fill up to 800 bottles an first paragraph hour cannot break or wear out, but they cannot be supplied from a pressurized filter system and are therefore not adaptable to true sterile filling. All fillers including the simple ones should be built entirely of stainless steel. Wineries producing less than 10,000 gallons can be comfortable with a Six-spout gravity filler and in the family essay, hand operated floor corker. Wineries producing more than 20,000 gallons have a number of good automatic tiller-corker monoblock options available to them. The following features should be looked for when considering the purchase of any monoblock filler-corker: #149; All stainless steel construction (including the frame under the skin) for permanence and sanitation. #149; Capability for clean in place(C.I.P.) by means of steam.

#149; Safety system to shut off drive instantly in case of bottle jam. #149; Bottom filling of filler bowl to reduce wine aeration. #149; Automatic flow control of wine into filler bowl. #149; Spouts that can be disassembled for cleaning without tools in seconds. #149; Removable cork jaws that can be quickly cleaned and simple my birthday, sanitized. The alternatives to the traditional tin/lead capsules are pure tin, plastic push-ons, plastic heat shrink, and aluminum/aluminum composites. With the cost of pure tin capsules. much higher than tin/lead, the search for a metal substitute is intensifying. One product under development is a new type of extremely ductile aluminum capsule that can be rolled on like tin/lead. Currently available are plastic heat shrinks that have an ultra-thin layer of violence real metal flashed over the surface of the polyester. The appearance of explanatory these metalized capsules is extremely good, and they have the advantage of being economical to custom imprint. For small wineries, the plastic push-ons are still the in the family essay simplest possible capsule to apply. For heat shrink capsules, most smaller wineries start out with a semi-automatic oven. On automatic lines a heat tunnel is used. Small motorized hand spinners used on metal foil capsules can also be mounted on automatic machines. Larger wineries requiring higher production speeds without serious wrinkling will need to use multiple heads on the spinner.

A pie-pleater must be used on the spinner to spin an aluminum or aluminum composite capsule. Explanatory Checklist. Sometimes an automatic spinner station can be mounted on a labeling machine. When closures other than corks are required, a monoblock machine may be purchased with a third operation station called a multi-purpose column. Labeling by in the essay, hand is practical for wineries producing less than 5.000 gallons a year. Wineries estimate that hand labeling costs between 50 cents and $1.00 a case, a figure which includes the extra cost incurred because hand labeling does not take place at the same time as bottling. The decision on checklist, whether to buy a labeling machine begins with a consideration of the violence family essay value of the people that are doing the labeling. If enough can be saved on labor to buy a machine in career paper essay, two years. the violence in the essay machine will be more cost effective.

Once the decision has been made to automate labeling, the argument label design becomes an important consideration. In The Family. Picker machines which are very cost effective for smaller wineries, can only apply a front label panel, and that label must be one-half inch narrower than one-half the circumference of the bottle. A relatively new technology for explanatory, the wine industry is the pressure sensitive machine that permits application of a back label and places no limit on the size or shape of the label used. Also available are a label glue applicator and a semi-automatic linear labeling machine. Wineries with production of more than 20.000 gallons are likely to want machines with a speed of 2,000 to 3.000 bottles an hour. A packaging line is a major investment that a winery will have to live with for a long time. Careful investigation and violence essay, looking before you buy are most important. (Excerpted from Packaging Line Considerations for Small Wineries. Wine East Buyers#146; Guide. 1991, and revised in 1992) The following excerpt of esl writing essay information has been provided to in the, us by the Department of the Treasury Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. It is taken from The Beverage Alcohol Manual (BAM) - A Practical Guide - Basic Mandatory Labeling Information for explanatory, Wine.

This information covers mandatory label information, type size and violence essay, legibility requirements, health warning statement, geographic brand names, class and is a research strategy paper, type designation, standards of fill and cellar treatment. If you wish to receive a copy of the The Beverage Alcohol Manual (BAM), please contact the Ohio Wine Producers Association at 800-227-6972 or visit the BATF website at: MANDATORY LABEL INFORMATION. 1. BRAND NAME #149; GENERAL FEATURES Usually the most prominent piece of information on the label Name under which a wine or line of wines is marketed NOTE : If the wine is not sold under a brand name, the name of the bottler, packer or importer [shown on the front of the container] becomes the brand name #149; MISLEADING BRAND NAME A name that describes the age (see #147;Exceptions relating to age#148; below), origin, identity or other characteristics of the wine is essay prohibited UNLESS the name, whether standing alone or in combination with other printed or graphic material: Accurately describes the wine AND Conveys no erroneous impression about the wine OR ls qualified with the word #147;BRAND#148; NOTE : Qualification with the word #147;BRAND#148; is not an about my birthday option in the case of a geographic brand name. (See CHAPTER 4, GEOGRAPHIC BRAND NAMES) Exceptions relating to age No statement of age or representation relating to age may appear in family essay, or as part of the brand name EXCEPT: For vintage wine References relating to methods of wine production involving storage or aging. Example : #147;AGED (or MATURED) 6 MONTHS IN OAK CASKS#148; Use of the career paper word #147;OLD#148; as part of a brand name. The chart below provides examples of acceptable and in the, unacceptable brand names. Old Veil White Wine. Exploring Connections Essay Questions. Japan Gold Sake. 1) Not less than 75% of the volume of the wine is derived from rice grown in Japan AND.

2) The wine conforms to the laws and regulations of Japan. 3) #147;JAPAN GOLD#146; is qualified with the word. Simple Red Table Wine. 1) The wine is red wine. 2) #147;Simple Red#148; is qualified with the word #147;BRAND#148; #149; BRAND NAME INCLUDING A VINEYARD, ORCHARD, FARM OR RANCH NAME. A brand name that includes a vineyard, orchard, farm or ranch name is acceptable: Provided not less than 95% of the volume of the wine is derived from the commodity used to violence in the essay, make the wine grown in the vineyard, orchard, farm or ranch named in the brand name. Without qualification if the company name or trade name shown in the mandatory name and address statement on the label is connections identical to the brand name that includes a vineyard, orchard, farm or ranch name. Without qualification if the brand name is qualified with the family word #147;BRAND#148; NOTE: If a brand name including a vineyard, orchard, farm or ranch name has viticultural significance ( Example : #147;TEMECULA VINEYARD#148;), it is considered a geographic brand name and argument, subject to the requirements for in the, use of a geographic brand name (see CHAPTER 4, GEOGRAPHIC BRAND NAMES) #149; SEE ALSO CHAPTER 4, GEOGRAPHIC BRAND NAMES #149; TYPE SIZE Minimum 2 mm for containers larger than 187 ml Minimum 1 mm for containers of 187 ml or less #149; LEGIBILITY Must be readily legible Must appear on a contrasting background Must appear separate and exploring essay questions, apart from or be substantially more conspicuous than descriptive or explanatory information #149; PLACEMENT Must appear on the FRONT of the container 2. CLASS AND TYPE DESIGNATION #149; DEFINITION The specific identity of the in the essay wine #149; SEE ALSO CHAPTER 5, CLASS AND TYPE DESIGNATION #149; TYPE SIZE Minimum 2 mm for containers larger than 187 ml Minimum 1 mm for containers of 187 ml or less #149; LEGIBILITY Must be readily legible Must appear on simple essay my birthday, a contrasting background. 3% for wines containing 7%-14% alcohol by volume. NOTE : Regardless of the prescribed tolerances, the label alcohol content statement may not cross tax categories (7%-14% alcohol by volume; over violence family 14%-21% alcohol by exploring, volume; over 21%-24% alcohol by volume) Example : A wine is labeled with the alcohol content statement #147;13.5% ALC BY VOL.#148; Provided the actual alcohol content does not exceed 14% or fall below 12%, the label alcohol content statement #147;13.5% ALC BY VOL#148; is permissible.

For statements of the specific percentage of alcohol: #147;ALCOHOL (ALC) ____% BY VOLUME (VOL)#148; or. #147;____% ALCOHOL (ALC) BY VOLUME (VOL)#148; For alcohol content statements shown in a range: #147;____% TO___% ALCOHOL (ALC) BY VOLUME (VOL)#148; or. #147;ALCOHOL (ALC)____% TO____% BY VOLUME (VOL)#148; For containers of 5 liters or less: Maximum 3 mm #149; LEGIBILITY Must be readily legible Must appear on a contrasting background May not be set off with a border or otherwise accentuated. Must appear on the FRONT of the container. 4. PERCENTAGE OF FOREIGN WINE #149; APPLICATION A statement of the percentage and origin of foreign wine ( Example : #147;30% GRAPE WINE FROM ITALY#148;) is required on blends of in the family essay American and essay about my birthday, foreign wines if any reference to the presence of foreign wine is made on the label #149; TYPE SIZE Minimum 2 mm for containers larger than 187 ml Minimum 1 mm for containers of 187 ml or less #149; LEGIBILITY Must be readily legible Must appear on a contrasting background Must appear separate and apart from or be substantially more conspicuous than descriptive or explanatory information #149; PLACEMENT Must appear on the FRONT of the container 5. NAME AND ADDRESS #149; REQUIRED For American wine The name and address of the bottler or packer must appear on the label For imported wine The name and address of the violence essay importer must appear on the label AND If the wine is bottled or packed after importation: The name and address of the bottler or packer must also appear on the label OR Other indication of career paper bottling or packing in the U.S. In The Family Essay. must appear on the label AND The name and is a research paper, address of the blender or bottler or packer for violence in the family, wine blended or bottled or packed outside the country of strategy origin and labeled with a reference to violence in the family, the country of origin The name and address statement must be preceded by an explanatory phrase (see PRECEDING EXPLANATORY PHRASE section of CHAPTER 6, NAME AND ADDRESS (OPTIONAL STATEMENTS AND PRECEDING EXPLANATORY PHRASES) #149; DEFINITIONS Name The company or corporate name or trade name identical to that shown on is a research strategy paper, the basic permit Address The city and state of the named winery identical to family, that shown on the basic permit NOTE : Other geographic references, e.g., county names, may be included in the address ONLY IF the geographic reference appears on exploring connections essay, the basic permit as part of the permit address The city and state of the importer#146;s principle place of business identical to that shown on the basic permit Bottled By (or For) This phrase is required for wine bottled in containers of 4 liters or less Packed By (or For) This phrase is required for wine packed in containers of over 4 liters. May not exceed maximum number of characters per inch: Minimum Type Maximum Characters Size Requirement Per Inch.

3mm 12 #149; PLACEMENT May appear on the FRONT, BACK or SIDE of the container.

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Family Violence Essay - 386 Words | Major Tests

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The flat maintains a number of period features including high ceilings and wooden floors. Simple Essay. Ladbroke Grove underground station is within easy reach as is the world famous Portobello Road. Portobello Road, London, W11. A newly refurbished top floor flat located in in the family essay a period building. The well balanced flat has a naturally light kitchen/reception room with sash windows and is ideally located on Portobello Road for the surrounding shops and strategy restaurants. It would make an ideal rental. Kilburn Lane, London, W10. A beautifully presented two bedroom duplex apartment with a gated off-street parking space. The purpose built property has access to two private patio areas which make lovely entertaining spaces.

Kensal Rise and Queens Park stations are within easy reach. Chepstow Crescent, London, W11. A third floor one bedroom flat in violence in the family a purpose built block with a private roof terrace. The property is what is a located on the highly desirable Chepstow Crescent within easy reach of violence in the essay, Notting Hill underground station. Lease has 50 years remaining. Atrium Apartments, London, W10. Located in argument essay The Ladbroke Grove development, the flat is set back from the main road and violence in the essay is on the first floor. The kitchen/reception room has ample space for a separate seating and dining area and has two doors that open on to the career balcony. Ladbroke Grove, London, W10.

A well presented raised ground floor studio flat set within a period building on in the essay, Ladbroke Grove. Career Essay. The flat benefits from the period features such as high ceilings and sash windows enhancing the natural light in the property. There is essay a mezzanine level that has been. St. Charles Square, London, W10. A delightful raised ground floor flat within a charming double fronted period building.

The flat maintains a number of good paragraph essay, period features including high ceilings and a bay window enhancing the amount of natural light into the property. Tenanted until June 2018. Drake Court, London, W10. A well presented first floor one bedroom flat with a West-facing balcony set within a purpose-built block. The well proportioned (538 sq.ft) flat is naturally bright with a number of windows in violence in the essay the reception room. The property would be ideal for paragraph essay first time buyers and. Queensway, London, W2. A third floor studio flat in a purpose built block on violence, Queensway ideally located for essay the open spaces of Hyde park as well as Queensway (Central Line) and Bayswater (Circle and District Line) underground stations. The building has a lift and a porter.

Notting Hill hasn't always been one of in the family, London's most exclusive residential districts - back in the 1980s it was a largely run down area. It underwent somewhat of connections essay questions, a renaissance towards the end of the 80s and throughout the 90s. Violence In The Essay. Today, Notting Hill's spacious town houses are the subject of huge demand - it's a highly desirable area for people to live in exploring questions and as a result property prices have increased exponentially over the last 20-30 years. During the revival of in the family, Notting Hill's property market a lot of the explanatory checklist old Victorian houses were renovated - some were kept as large homes whilst others have been split into in the family essay fashionable apartment blocks. Esl Writing Argument Essay. No matter how big or how small you require your property to be, you'll be able to find exactly what you're looking for in Notting Hill, that's for sure! Notting Hill is famous for its annual carnival - an violence in the family essay event that has been held every year since 1965. It's also famous for the Portobello Road market - another London institution. Notting Hill is esl writing argument essay a melting pot for cultures and ways of life - it's a fantastic place to violence essay live and is a research strategy work.

As is the in the case with all of London's most exclusive districts, Notting Hill is home to esl writing argument lots of in the, fine shops and high-end restaurants and clubs. Explanatory Essay. There's so much to in the family do and so much to see in the area that you'll never tire of paper, living there. If you ever find yourself at a loose end then a short underground or bus journey delivers you directly to the City of London and family essay the attractions on offer there. Located at 301 Westbourne Grove, W11 2QA. Our office is within easy reach from Notting Hill Gate and Ladbroke Grove underground stations and is on the bus route for is a strategy the 52, 452 and 23 buses. We cover an expanse of violence in the family essay, area between Holland Park through to Notting Hill Gate, areas of Paddington and exploring essay up on through to W10. Alister has over 15 years experience in essay estate agency and about my birthday has spent the family past six years working with Hamptons. Having successfully run the Putney office for five years Alister joined Notting Hill at the start of 2015. He has a real passion for the job, enhanced by the support of such a reputable company. Michael joined Hamptons International in 2015 and career has been working in residential sales in the Notting Hill area since 2009. He is described as having a “passion for in the family essay ensuring the best possible customer journey.

Having earned his place on the prestigious Academy program at Hamptons International, Tom is exploring learning the business from the ground up. Now residing in the Notting hill office having completed his training in neighbouring Kensington Tom is enjoying the varied and challenging environment. Dear Alister, ?I am very pleased to have worked with you for the last 2 years. In The Essay. Your team and you offer a very professional service, both in terms of sales and lettings. You always make me feel welcome and get me the esl writing argument essay results I expect. Violence In The Family. Keep doing such a good job!! Best Regards Gonzalo Molla Villanueva Director 355 Empyrean Ltd.

I am very happy with the argument service and advice provided by the team at Hamptons Notting Hill. Michael McDermott was concise, polite and helpful. In The Family Essay. Alister Shaw sorted a major post completion concern just before Christmas, amazing. Thank you Tom and Alister in is a strategy particular for violence their proactive support during what could have been a potentially tricky sale. Excellent team of people and excellent agency in general. Hamptons was much better than others I dealt with. The process of hand holding the buyer was excellent. Fabrice Lafrod and Tom Murphy, outstanding ambassadors for Hamptons, two great individuals who I would recommend and buy from again and again. The success of what is a strategy paper, buying/selling property through an violence essay agency comes down to the individual – Michael McDermott has been excellent. Alister Shaw and exploring questions his team were excellent in every respect.

Together they executed the violence in the family essay sale perfectly and exploring essay questions supported us really well. Michael McDermott is extremely knowledgeable and an honest estate agent. I highly recommend him. The team did a fantastic job selling my house for in the a sensational price at a time of great uncertainty (just prior to the referendum) Excellence is hard to paper find but the Notting Hill team never failed. They even rolled up their sleeves and helped me move furniture. Copyright © Hamptons International 2016.

All rights reserved. Hamptons International Estate Agents in the UK offer London property, Southern England property and International property. Violence In The Family. Specialising in property for sale, property for rent, property developments, property management and a range of property services. UK property search powered by first paragraph essay, Propertywide. Hamptons International is a trading name of violence in the family, Countrywide Estate Agents.

Company Registered Number: 00789476 (registered in England and exploring essay questions Wales). Violence In The. Registered Office: Countrywide House, 88-103 Caldecotte Lake Drive, Caldecotte, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, MK7 8JT. Privacy Policy.

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Family Violence Essay - 386 Words | Major Tests

Ryanair Case Study Questions Essay. This report will prioritise to address clearly how to analyse and violence evaluate the findings of two questions. Essay? The selected company that will be used when completing this task is Ryanair which is known as ‘the low cost fare airlines’. Essay? (Seminar Case Study, 2013). The first question is as follows; ‘With reference to the Airline Industry and Ryanair cases analyse the competitive environment of the esl writing argument European airline industry in which Ryanair operates’. Introduction. European Airline Industry is controlled by the Association of European Airlines which operates together with 31 most popular airlines and has been supporting the industry over 50 years. In order to sustain constant growth AEA works in partnership with the EU Union (AEA Official Website, 2014). By under the violence essay role of EU deregulation, Ryanair was agreed to fly within the essay Europe as it has expanded the essay number of passengers and the destinations it flies to. Ryanair was recognised rapidly though it’s enormous success and has won International Awards, such as Best Managed Airline, or receiving a 2009 FT-Arcellor Mittal Boldness in Business Award. Career Paper? (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 618) PESTEL. The main body of the in the question is argument essay, set to monitor the competitive environment of the EU industry in which Ryanair operates in.

PESTEL analysis factor is an investigation process which is functioned to identify key influences from the violence in the essay external environment which have a vital effect on organisations. ( JISC Study, 2012) The aim of the PEST is to; Exploit the current external factors affecting EU Airlines and organisations. Career Paper? Identify the external factors that may change in the future. To benefit from opportunities or find how to defend against threats better than your competitors will do. Political. The European Airline Industry as well as all other industries must be aware of the changing government policies, whereas poor reluctance to follow may cause the organisations serious danger. All airlines in the EU industry are charged a fee by the government for landing into airports. The prices various according to which airport the airlines land it to, number of passengers it will carry and violence in the essay what airport facilities they will use. Rynair, operates this system by what research paper, being cost effective, they aim to violence in the family essay, cut cost down when ever applicable, therefore they choose to depart airports which are usually far from the is a paper city centres such as Gatwick and violence family essay Luton. Explanatory Essay? (Rynair Official Website, 2013). Violence Family Essay? All airlines charge passengers taxation fee for flying. This tax fee is simple my birthday, usually included within the tickets price they pay for, again this charge depends on violence family, the number of passengers, the airport its landing and the stay of the questions itinerary.

Rapid growth in the ‘no frills’ carriers has influenced secondary regional destination airports like Stansted to build second run way which will significantly change their airport charges. Violence In The Essay? (UK Civil Aviation Authority, 2005) According to connections, the case study there were various economic factors raised such the recession which had a major impact on family essay, the whole EU airline industry during 2008/09, that has concluded to worse scenarios as it led to essay, increased unemployment rates. Recession, the economic decline has also caused restrictions to credit markets which enabled consumers to spend less by leisure and in the essay business purposes. (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 625). Recession period enabled Ryanair to gain positive advantage from consumer demand and has constrained the company to raise fares and to put downward pressure on yields. However, if recession continues Ryanair has to consider undertaking re-planning business strategy as there capacity may not be enough to about my birthday, accommodate passenger volume growth. Unexpected exchange rates generate high changes to in the essay, airlines earned profits, for example if US Dollar and Euro rates are declining, then EU Airlines and connections Ryanair can buy more for cheaper prices. EU Airlines must commit to purchase fuel regularly in order to run efficient service which has the most significant impact on the industry as it’s the in the most expensive expense. Oil factor has indicated high prices to good first, Ryanair’s income statement, especially during 2009 as they have paid ˆ1,257,062. Source: (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 620). Social environmental factors are mainly influenced by in the family, demographic trends, specially the ageing population and by changing consumer preferences, which are very difficult to measure and simple essay about my birthday predict as it is much linked to the price of the service.

Ageing population impacts on Ryanair’s performance as it causes a shift in land transport, easier to access means facilitating elderly is essential that means they must land into central town/city areas. (The Times, 2012) Ryanair’s consumers have an enormous positive attitude towards web-check in system; it has become a social factor that consumers’ expectations are fulfilled strongly. Violence In The? (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 622) Further social factors like terrorism and disasters lead to connections essay, consumers to in the, resist flying and explanatory essay checklist stay at home which has an impact on the EU industry as a whole. Technological. Technology has a crucial impact on violence, Ryanair’s success and checklist enables Research and Development system to exploit what basic standards that its competitors offer. Essay? Ryanair has taken an advantage of today’s technology as managers communicate conference calls through Skype which saves the company’s time and money. Strategy Paper? Internet, specifically has allowed the organisation to in the family essay, avoid lots of overhead costs.

Existing “e’tailers’ website and web-check in facilities has gained high co-operation by consumers as it allows them to essay checklist, save valuable time, as well as lots of money. Boeing 737 Airplane is a new generation engines that specialises in less emissions and less fuel consumption which allow Ryanair to move on through its cost reduction strategy. (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 623) Environmental Factors. EU has become very sensitive about emission and noise pollution; therefore in in the essay order to prevent the aviation industry EU has introduced Emissions Trading Scheme in 2012. Ryanair was expected to be the most harmfully affected airline in the world with a shortfall of 2.8 tonnes in checklist co2 allowance which is equivalent to ˆ40 million in extra costs. Therefore, they have agreed to declare that this scheme should apply to efficient carries as despite to their minimal pollution aircraft. In The Family? (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 626 ) Legal. The EU Airline Industry operates within the law system, the first essay main two areas this industry considers is the employment law and the consumer protection law. EU legislation has become tougher with their regulations and widened their potential to ensure consumers are happier in return of their flight investments. A recent new legislation introduced on 17 February 2005, EU regulation makes sure consumers are paid their full compensation due to essay, any delays, cancellations and denied boarding. (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 625) Consumers who fly with Ryanair is entitle to similar obligations, therefore these increases Ryanair’s compensation to fall under cost of 250 euro which is based on simple essay, the average distance of its flights. (Seminar Case Study, 2013 p.p 626) Conclusion.

To conclude, EU airlines and Ryanair‘s most primary problem is the oil prices. It has been proven that the incredible high cost of fuel has strongly affected Ryanair’s revenues, indicating that how the industry is violence in the family essay, particular sensitive to oil cost fluctuation. The recent advanced technology has enhanced further facilities and services to is a research strategy paper, consumers in the EU Airline Industry. Rynair’s existing website allows consumers to book flights, insurance, accommodations and car rentals have resulted to their current reputation. Violence In The Family? Having to esl writing, be low cost airline and being able to manage standard and extra-mile expectations has led Ryanair to be efficient and effective in violence the long run. EU Regulations encounter consumer expectations professionally as they have introduced tougher airline policies. Consumers have the rights to apply for compensation as it is now taking into serious actions. The second question will answer the following question; ‘ Analyse Ryanair’s business model, including its generic strategy, strengths and weaknesses. How do we explain Ryanair’s above industry average performance? Business Model. Ryanair’s target segment is customers who are willing to pay less ticket price for simple essay about my birthday only travelling point A to B without additional services.

Consumers are fully aware of the charged fees for any further services they may require during flight such for meals, drinks and head phones etc. Ryanair is clearly not recognised for a pleasant travel experience or for good customer service but can still remain popular due to offered low cost fares which customers love. Ryanair’s main value proposition is due to being low cost fares in comparison to other such as BA and violence Easy Jet. Despite of poor customer service they have good history for flight safety which generates constant reliability from consumers. (O’Higgins, 2010) However, there are other value propositions such as positive on time flights, few cancelations and rare lost luggage’s. Channels. Ryanair focuses to communicate efficiently with its customer segments in order to serve valuable proposition. (Osterwalder, 2010) Their main distribution channel is through internet as flight bookings are completed online, it encounter 99% of the process. Ryanair also has strong marketing prospective as they advertise on simple essay about my birthday, television, radio and newspaper which promote the company extremely. ( O’Higgins, 2010) Customer Relationships. Ryanair clearly doesn’t demonstrate positive customer relationship with their passengers as they avoid recruiting too many cabin crews in order to save from training and wage expenses.

Ryanair is never short of ideas to violence family essay, reduce costs which apply to every aspect of business model; in this case their main priority is being cost effective rather than building customer relationships. Explanatory? Ryanair’s customers apply to ‘self-service’ method to violence in the family essay, benefit from services as they purchase their own tickets online which means there is no face-to-face interaction made as you would in a travel agents. Revenue Streams. Ryanair’s revenue streams are upon transactions made from career essay customers paying for family essay their ticket only. The revenue stream is generated by the use of a particular service which airlines agreed to esl writing, charge for. Therefore, Ryanair due to increased yield is being creative and violence family charging for exploring connections questions innovative services like insurance, accommodations and car rentals in order to increase additional revenue. For example, it is violence family, optional for customers to purchase further services with Ryanair as they may or not feel needs to do so. Key Partnerships. Ryanair has intended to take over Aer Lingus four times which was eventually rejected by the European Commissions and strategy paper as shareholders disagreed with the idea. However, Ryanair holds a stake of 29.8 over Aer Lingus. (Financial Times, 2013) Generic Strategy.

Ryanair’s current generic strategy is low-cost leadership which aims to be the best low cost producer in in the family the industry. Evidence from Air Transport Magazines proves that they were the connections essay questions most profitable creators in the five years to essay, 2009. (Case Case Study, 2013) Generic strategy is supported by what research strategy paper, Ryanair realistic attributes as they offer cheaper fares then it competitors like Easy-Jet and Air-Lingus. (Science Direct, 2013) Their objective to minimise costs whenever possible enables them to maintain high profits and they keep costs low as they target price sensitive customers which is a currently a broad target market. Source: Kotler et al, 2009 Strengths. Ryanair’s ancillary services are one of the most powerful strengths which generate high revenues. Providing variety selections from on-board beverage, food and merchandise sales to car rentals, accommodation and travel insurance has fulfilled many consumers’ expectations. Ryanair has earned ˆ 598 million which is 20% of Ryanair’s operating revenue in 2009, meaning they have increased sales while reducing unit cost. In The? Weaknesses. Ryanair might be a cost focus airline but they behave too controversy which creates negative impression to consumers.

For example, intention to charge passengers ?1 to access the toilets on board generated publicity and was easily captured by explanatory, consumers as it wasn’t a realistic idea. Similar idea was announced that, Ryanair approached to charge ‘fat tax’ for overweight passengers which is a weakness as in an online poll over 30,000 respondents, the violence in the essay fat tax idea was accepted by one in three. The evidence of feedback clearly shows how important it can be to avoid being too controversial, although bearing in mind it is essay about my birthday, a low cost fare airline, it must have measurable and achievable approaches. Landing into secondary airports for Ryanair is an essay, obvious weakness because it may not be able to essay about, target some passengers that prefer to travel to closer airports as well as generating opportunity for competitors. Above Industry Average Performance. According to case study the airline industry performance is declining which states that customers often prefer to violence in the family essay, fly with “low cost, no-frills’ airlines, especially with in Europe as the flight journeys are short. Consumers tend to make genuine choices to pay less and at the same time land to their destination.

Therefore, it is not necessary to checklist, pay twice as double the ticket price to other expensive airlines e.g. BA, where mission can be completed for cheaper price. Micheal O’leary declared that: ‘passengers are looking for cheap tickets and this is where Ryanair is best in’. Furthermore, supporting the quote for the first time low cost produces won the Best Managed Airlines award, which shows customer demand on Ryanair is violence in the family essay, very high. Moreover, as an overall company Ryanair is a well-known brand by the support of Michael O’Leary publicity. Ryanair holds an efficient industry average performance among its competitors due to their low-cost strategy which appeals to lots of customer who are price driven, especially during recession and simple essay about my birthday crises times. To summarize, the ever decreasing costs means Ryanair constantly adapts its model to the European markets and changing conditions. To conclude, Ryanair’s cost effective generic strategy is the violence in the key to their current success.

In comparison to other airlines, especially during economic turndown, Ryanair can survive sufficiently and esl writing argument essay continue to earn achievable profits. Violence In The Essay? Reducing overhead costs and offering cheaper services is their best strengths which leads them to a high position in the European Airline Industry. Esl Writing Essay? Ryanair bases their model on violence essay, southern airlines which vitally proves that their long term success is supported by this fact. Micheal O’Leary’s existence plays a very important part of Ryanair’s current power and paragraph essay it is questionable how they will cope without him in the future will then determine the airlines success strategy. BRENNAN, Z. (2010). In The? Revealed: The truth behind the Air France disaster that killed 228 people Read more:

Available: [Accessed 14 Oct 2013] Bruun, G, Bruun S, Kjaerside, N, Madsen, N and essay checklist Rasmussen, M. (2007) Marketing Management, Third Edition. Edinburgh Gate: Peaeson Educated Limited Developing the violence in the 2020 airport security model. Explanatory? (2012) Available: [Accessed 13 Oct 2013] JISC, (2010) Reflections of the PESTLE analysis Available from : [Accessed 1 Oct 2013] Kotz, D. Family Essay? (2013). Living near noise of airport linked to higher heart attack, stroke risk. Available: Is A Research Paper? [Accessed 9 Oct 2013] Lecture Three, (2013) The Strategic Position 2: Environment, London Southbank University M, Rowena . (2013). Britain will have the ‘toughest immigration rules in world’ after reforms, says minister. Available: [Accessed 13 Oct 2013] Marketing Environment, (n.d) Pest Analysis.

Available from: [Accessed 4 Oct 2013] Mobility and Charges, (2013) Airport Charges [Accessed 4 Oct 2013] N smith. (2013). Spot Prices. Available: [Accessed 13 Oct 2013] Pestle Analysis, (2911) Political Factors. Available from: [Accessed 9 Oct 2013] Seminar Case Study Pack, (2013) Strategic Management, University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of violence in the family paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

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Family Violence Essay - 386 Words | Major Tests

algebra 2 homework SUMMER MATH PACKET. Take notes on Chapter 9-4 (starting on page 492 - yes, we're jumping ahead a bit to tackle something new) to essay, get an understanding of direct and inverse variation. Also take notes on paragraph, this video . Take notes on chapter 8-7 (Solving of quadratic systems, page 454 in your textbook) and on this video: Take notes on Chapter 8-6 (starts on violence family, page 449) and the video shown below. Your goal is to be able to identify conic sections based on their graph (easy) or an equation. You'll be given the reference sheet shown above, so take notes on how to use it properly (how to find any of the variables you'll need). For extra practice scroll down and re-do the homework problems shown.

Parabolas: Be sure you understand how to find h k , and how to convert a quadratic to vertex form by completing the square. You should also remember where the focus, vertex and essay, directrix are in relation to one another. Circles: Be certain how to in the essay, find h k as well as r both from an equation or from a graph, and be able to convert to the standard form by completing the square. Ellipses: You must know the meaning of a, b c (draw a diagram) as well as h k , and the major and minor axis. Hyperbolas : The meaning of a, b c for this figure are also necessary, as well as how to draw the box and the asymptotes. Remember that the hyperbola will get closer and closer to the asymptotes as x approaches positive or negative infinity, so you should draw it that way (don't let it curl back away). Graph these two hyperbolas by: 1. Find the center (h,k) 2. Find the distance between the center the vertex ( a ) 3. Find ( b ) so that you can draw the box. 4. Research Paper. Draw the asymptotes by drawing lines through the corners of the violence family, box. 5. Draw the hyperbola. 6. Find the foci by finding the distance from the argument essay, center to them ( c ). In The Family. Let's continue our work with hyperbolas: 1. Draw a diagram that shows how to find a, b and c. 2. Complete these problems (#5, #6, #8): Take notes on Chapter 8-5 (starts on essay questions, page 441) and in the family, the video shown below. Esl Writing. Be sure to violence essay, spend extra time on the new terms (asymptotes, transverse axis, conjugate axis) and explanatory essay checklist, how the standard form is similar to in the family essay, the ellipse standard form.

HW8-4C • Due Wednesday, May 13th. Good First Paragraph Essay. Rewrite these problems in standard form: HW8-4B • Due Friday, May 8th (unless you're a junior) Take notes on this video about graphic ellipses. HW8-4 • Due Thursday, May 7th. Take notes on Chapter 8-4 (Ellipses) and on the video below. Be sure to in the essay, understand how to find a, b c in the equation. Complete the exploring connections essay, following circle problems.

Sketch what is given and family essay, include thought bubbles to explain your process. Algebra 2 - End of exploring questions, Year Reflection. Directions: Your reflection should include three paragraphs (one paragraph for in the family each section). Esl Writing Argument Essay. Each paragraph should have a minimum of 5 well thought out sentences. Include your name, my name, Algebra 2, and today’s date in family your heading. Check for spelling and grammar! CAPITALIZE all “I”s! CAPITALIZE beginning of all sentences!

Section One: Choose one topic you learned this year in Algebra 2. Provide specific examples of how you have become a stronger math student this year using this skill/tool. Section Three: Do you plan to take a more advanced math class (example: Precalculus) next year? Describe this decision in light of your performance and interest in esl writing argument ALL your high school math classes. Take notes on in the family essay, Chapter 8-3 and the video shown below. Be sure to learn the essay about, equation of a circle on page 426 and violence in the family essay, what h and k represent. Just two problems again today, one where you have to find the equation from the focus and directrix (be sure to determine the vertex and whether it's an up/down parabola or a sideways one), and one where you need to use completing the square to change the equation into vertex form. Use your diagram a math problem skills to checklist, explain how you did it. Break each problem into steps and add thought bubbles that point out how you knew what to do next or what to watch out for. Continuing from the work we did in (short) class today, try to in the family, find the equation for each of the two problems below.

Remember to essay about my birthday, determine whether the parabola will face up/down or sideways (which tells you which column to family, use in the table below the problems), and that the vertex is halfway between the focus and the directrix, which gives you h k. Then use the directrix formula to good first paragraph essay, find a. Take notes on this video about conic sections. It's a bit long, but it does a good job of introducing the topics we're covering in Chapter 8: Also, if you're not sure how to complete the square review here. Woohoo! It's time to violence, get back to work! Take notes on Chapter 8-2 to career paper essay, get back in the swing of things. Be sure to understand the definition of family, a parabola on page 419, and how it can be created by cutting a cone. We're going to take a couple of days to work on SAT Math Prep before the April vacation. Log onto a Chromebook or your laptop and go here: All students are required to make a Study Buddy to prepare for the test.

Note: Thursday Friday are SAT Math Prep days. Feel free to bring in a laptop if you prefer that to a Chromebook. #65279; Review chapter sections 7-7 thru 7-9 by solving these problems: HW7-9B: Due Thursday, April 9th. Complete these problems in detail and add at least three thought bubbles to explain your thinking. Take notes on what is a strategy paper, Chapter 7-9 with emphasis on in the essay, Example 1 on page 395 and Example 3 on essay questions, page 397. Family Essay. Then take notes on good first, this video: Complete problems #7 thru #15 on in the essay, 7-8 Practice Worksheet (p420): Take notes on explanatory essay checklist, Chapter 7-8 with special emphasis on how to find an inverse function (Example 2 on page 391) and how to family, identify if two functions are inverses of each other (Example 4 on page 392). Good First Paragraph Essay. Also take notes on this video from family essay your math bff: Complete problems #1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 14, 15 16 on 7-7 Practice worksheet (pg 414). HW7-7B: Due Wednesday, April 1st. Take notes on this website and try the explanatory, problems below: HW: Mid Chapter 7 Review: Due Monday, March 30th. Take notes on in the family essay, Chapter 7-7 with special emphasis on the table on page 383 and the Example 4 problem on page 385 and the video shown below.

Then try these problems: Use Descartes Rule of Signs and the Rational Zero Theorem on each of these functions: HW7-6: Due Wednesday, March 25th. What Is A Strategy. Take notes on Chapter 7-6 with special emphasis on the Example 1 problem on page 378 and the video shown below. Then try these two problems (the answers are below the video): As before, these should have clearly labeled steps as well as thought bubbles that show how you knew what to do or what is violence in the essay, significant about a certain result to a step. Feel free to use color and keep it neat. The best way is to complete your work as a first draft, check it, and then neatly transfer to a new piece of paper. Marilyn's class complete these problems: Tony's class complete these: Take vocab notes on paragraph, Chapter 7-5 and in the family, try problems #19 and #20 on page 375. Also take notes on these two videos: Optional: Rene Descartes was an amazing person Learn more here and exploring questions, impress Brian next year (his name will definitely come up). Take notes on violence essay, this one video until you understand it. I mean, it's just one short video so you can watch it a couple of times if you're not totally sure about how it works.

Take vocab notes on Chapter 7-4 and be sure you can do synthetic division (we shouldn't have to review this in class). Also take notes on these two videos (honors students should include the proof video). The test has been postponed until Thursday. For homework, complete the practice test below (PDF) and make note of the questions you don't fully understand so that you can ask questions in class on exploring, Wednesday. Remember, fully understanding would mean that you could explain how to violence family essay, do a problem as well as do complete it accurately. Complete problems 1-8 on worksheet 7-3 Skills Practice (p389) to perfect your use of u-substitution . This is another short homework assignment, so you should be striving for complete understanding before considering your work done. Complete worksheet 7-2 Practice (page 384) #1 and #3. About. Visualize the family essay, shape based on the degree of the polynomial and the sign of the questions, leading coefficient, and be sure to answer questions b c. For #3 you have to pick your own values for in the essay x. Look for large values of f(x) that could indicated that the function is checklist, heading towards -∞ or +∞. HW7-3: Due Thursday, March 5th #65279; Take note #65279; s on Chapter 7-3, with special emphasis on violence in the, vocabulary, and take notes on this video: Take notes on Chapter 7-2 , with special emphasis on vocabulary, and take notes on this video: Take notes on Chapter 7-1 , with special emphasis on vocabulary, the table on the bottom of page 346 (names of paper, polynomial degree types), and the concept summary table about end behavior on page 349.

Also take notes on this video: We've decided that you'd benefit from a bit more review time (darned 30 minute half-day Wednesday class), so the test will be on Friday instead of tomorrow. If you won't be in class on Friday you should take the test tomorrow anyway, however. Oh, and get to work on that Study Buddy tonight anyway! Then you can see what you need to in the family, add to it when we review in class tomorrow. Complete the Skills Practice worksheet (p351) #7-20 all. There's a video underneath if you need help remembering. The answer key is below the video so you can check your answers (remember that you can check your factoring by using monkeyface or FOIL as well). HW Ch6End • Due Friday, February 13.

Marilyn's Class: Problems 1-3 on worksheet page 351 and 1-3 on ws pg 352 (they're not the same): Tony's Class: #19 to #24 from page 324 of is a research, your textbook. Convert to vertex form and identify vertex and concavity (direction of opening): Part 1: Monday, February 2. Practice the material on violence in the essay, the first 2 sheets (4 sides) of your review packet. Part 2: Wednesday, February 4. Practice the final sheet (2 pages), problems from your last test, and all of the vocabulary we've done this year. HW: 6-6C • Due Friday, January 30th. Marilyn's class: complete this worksheet (page 344). The midterm will take place on February 2nd and 4th, but you should begin preparing now. Use this packet to esl writing, get ready. Use this system to in the family, be more efficient: 1. Mark the questions you are sure you know with a star.

2. Mark the questions you kind of know but aren't sure about first essay, with a circle. 3. Mark the questions you don't know how to do with a question mark. In The. Complete these two worksheets: Study Guide 6-6 p343 (Tony's group worked on in class) and Vertex form Graphing (#15-20) HW#6-6A • Due Monday, January 26th. Simple About. Take notes on Chapter 6-6 (starts on page 322 of your textbook) and be sure to include all the family, vocabulary as well as the table at the bottom of simple my birthday, page 323. Here's a review video to prepare for Friday's test. It covers what we've done in violence in the Chapter 6 so far. Take the time to make sure you understand everything presented here, and what is a research strategy, create your Study Buddy (required) as you go. Violence In The. HW#6-5A: Due Wednesday, January 21. Take vocab notes on Chapter 6-5 (starts on what is a, page 313 of your textbook) and family, watch this video until you know the whole song by heart. Sing along and you'll never forget this formula. You should be able to sing this on demand.

We're not kidding! HW#6-5B: Due Thursday, January 22. Complete this worksheet using the Quadratic Formula. In the first section do problems 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15. Hints: #1, 3 14 have one rational root. #2 8 have two rational roots. #13 15 have two irrational roots. Simple About. #7 9 have complex (imaginary) roots. In the second section do three problems of your choosing, but use each of the following methods once: 1. Factoring (simple or grouping) 2. Completing the Square. 3. In The Family. Quadratic Formula. All students are required to make a Study Buddy for explanatory essay Friday's Mid-Chapter 6 test . It will be graded as an family essay assignment. HW#6-3D: Due Monday, January 12.

Factor these problems to find the career paper essay, roots: HW#6-4: Due Wednesday, January 14. Take vocab notes on Chapter 6-4 (starts on page 306 of your textbook) and on this video: Diagram one of these Completing the Square problems (your pick). Be sure to in the family, show all your steps and include thought bubbles at key point. JANUARY 2015: Week 1. HW-get-ready-for-2015: Due Monday, January 5. What Is A Research Strategy. Review factoring! We're gonna need to remember this stuff! HW#6-3A: Due Wednesday, January 7. Take vocab notes on Chapter 6-3 (starts on page 301 of violence in the, your textbook) and on this video: HW#6-3B: Due Thursday, January 8. Worksheet on Factoring quadratics: Study Guide 6-3 (pg325) problems #1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21. Esl Writing Argument Essay. Take notes on this video: 1. Take notes vocab for Chapter 6-1, starting on page 286 in violence family essay the book. 1. Your Chapter 6 Tour is due. 2. Complete this graphing quadratics worksheet: HW#6-2A: Due Wednesday, December 17. 1. Essay Checklist. Take notes vocab on in the family, Chapter 6-2 (start on what, book page 294) 1. In The Essay. Complete this worksheet.

Complete #1-6 on this worksheet (Skills Practice 6-2 pg321): HOMeWORK: TEST PREP (DUE THURSDAY 12/11) HOMEWORK #5-9C (DUE WEDNESDAY 12/10) HOMEWORK #5-9B (DUE MONDAY 12/8) Check what you've learned here . You're responsible for reviewing lesson 5-8 (starts on essay, page 263) in violence in the essay your textbook (don't forget vocab notes) and demonstrating understanding of these video (don't forget to use thought bubbles): HOMEWORK #5-6D (DUE WEDNESDAY 11/19) Take special note of this is necessary (when there's a binomial with a radical in the denominator) and its relationship to difference of squares. Essay. Tony's Class: Try #14 15 on essay, #5-6 p271 after watching the esl writing essay, video. All: Take notes on this video: HOMEWORK #5-6B (DUE FRIDAY 11/14) HOMEWORK #5-6 (DUE THURSDAY 11/13) Homework #5-5 (due wednesday 11/12) P.S. Tony's Factoring Test Prep video will be up by noon on Saturday! We're off to violence in the family, a good start with grouping, so let's solidify that by completing the even numbered problems on worksheet you were given in simple essay my birthday class today.

Did you lose it? No problem, just download it here. THURSDAY, november 6th at 3:00. In The. Also, if you didn't finish your math diagram then be sure to finish it before the beginning of class tomorrow. P.S. Tony is working on argument, the Mid-Chapter 5 Test Prep video now!

Remember, we use long division and synthetic division when we have a binomial denominator. If we have a monomial denominator we use Greatest Common Factor (GCF) like we did back in Homework #5-3A. Note: The second video is actually a website - scroll down for the examples. You might want to take notes on the other parts since the site explains this topic quite well. Marilyn's class should also complete odd numbered problems on the worksheet she gave you at the end of class. 2. Take notes on the first three videos: a. M ultiplying Binomials Word Problems (4:48) (Now in English!) b. FOIL for Multiplying Binomials (5:48) c. Multiplying Binomials with Radicals (6:04) 2. Take notes on Chapter 5-2, including vocab. In The Family. 3. Watch these three videos: a. Coefficients and Exponents (2:35) b. Questions. Adding Subtracting Polynomials (8:49) c. Multiplying Dividing Polynomials (5:46) Now back to the packet! See page 276 in the packet for the mixture problems (17-23) or see #18 below.

See page 277 in the packet for the motion problems (27 29) HW#3-WP1 • DUE MONDAY 10/6. #1, #4, #7, #10, #13, #16, #19, #22, #25, #28, #29. HW#3-2B • DUE THURSDAY 10/2. 2) 2.7 Study Guide p. 93 side: all. 3) Reminder - Chapter 2 test on Friday. Violence In The Family. 4) Do the sample problem at the end of this video on paper essay, piecewise functions: HW#12 • DUE 9/24 WEDNESDAY.

Also, be sure you understand y-interecepts and x-intercepts fully. Here's another short video to make it more clear. HW #9 • DUE 9/17 WEDNESDAY. HW #8 • DUE 9/15 MONDAY. All students also have the violence in the essay, worksheet 2-1 (pages 57-58) due Monday. HW #7 ( Due 9/10 Wednesday ) Make sure you know these inside out!

The test is imminent! #11014;#65038; Definition of abs value, solve | x+2 | = 6 and Graph y = | x + 3 | Homework # 1 (DUE 8/28) Also: Make sure you can access the online textbook.

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How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips. The best students enjoy writing essays because they’re a chance to shine; they’re an interesting intellectual exercise in violence in the essay which the writer must craft thoughtful arguments on esl writing argument essay complex topics within the confines of a prescribed and often restrictive word count. For many such students, each essay brings with it the challenge of making it that little bit better than the last one. The problem is family essay, that when you write essays regularly, it’s easy to get stuck in a rut of repeating the exploring connections, same formula each time – particularly when you already receive good feedback from the teachers who read them. So how do you take your essays to the next level and family, go from argument essay great to brilliant? Here are some practical tips and techniques that will help you write consistently impressive essays. Offer to share your essays with other people and they may return the favour. Even better: start a study group. Just as the books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and build on your own essay-writing style. Try to read a range of essay other essays, including those of your peers and explanatory essay checklist, of academics. Violence In The Family! Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of arguments or styles, so the wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for you to pick up and argument essay, use in essays of your own.

As you read other people’s essays, don’t just take them at face value. In The Family! Be critical: what do you like about them? What don’t you like about them? How persuasive do you think they are? Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques you’ve not seen before? Another good source of essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Read the simple, opinion pieces and dissect how the writer has supported their points with evidence, and again, be critical; note where they’ve left things out to try to persuade you to family a particular opinion. Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the essay, best of these writers and pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece. 2. Violence In The Essay! Build your vocabulary and use it properly.

Make use of dictionaries and thesauri. A good vocabulary will allow you to express exactly what you mean, as clearly and concisely as possible. Economy with words is a characteristic of all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) don’t like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in career paper half the number of words. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is through accurate and effective use of advanced vocabulary. A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to vocabulary; it’s something you should be working on continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively. What’s more, deploying a good vocabulary displays intelligence and family, allows you to be more persuasive in is a research your essay-writing. Essay! Here are some ways in which you can build your vocabulary: – Subscribe to a ‘word a day’ email (such as this one from Merriam-Webster). Create a folder in your email account for new word emails, so that you can file each email away and have them all in esl writing one place ready to violence in the essay flick through and connections essay questions, learn from in an idle moment. – Read widely, and refer to a dictionary for family, words you don’t know as you go along; this way, you’ll learn the new word as well as seeing it in career essay context so you know how to use it properly. Violence Family Essay! Read different genres of essay fiction, and non-fiction covering a range of violence family essay topics, and you’ll have the added bonus of widening your general knowledge as well as your vocabulary.

– Use a thesaurus – if you find yourself using the same words over exploring essay questions, and over again, add variety to your language by looking up those words in a thesaurus and finding other words that mean the same thing. A word of violence in the warning: words you find in a thesaurus can’t always be used interchangeably; even words with similar meanings can differ subtly in a way that makes them inappropriate in certain contexts, so find examples of a word used correctly before you use a new word for the first time. – Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots – it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Many roots come from Latin and Greek words, such as “bene” in Latin, meaning “good”, which gives rise to paragraph essay words such as “benefactor”, “benevolent” and violence family, “benefit”. Good First! It’s often possible to deduce the meaning of a new word if you know its root and read it in context. Family Essay! Prefixes are added to the beginning of a word to change the first paragraph, meaning, such as “semi” or “ante”, while suffixes are added to violence in the family essay the end, such as “-able” or “-ance”. – Start a vocabulary book – you probably have one if you’re learning a foreign language, so why not have one for essay, your native language as well? Buy yourself a nice notepad and in the essay, use it to collect new words and their meanings. The act of writing down the definition will help you remember it, and good first paragraph essay, you could include an family, example of how the word is used to increase your chances of memorising it for use in essays. It may help to connections have different sections for words on particular themes; you could have a general section, and family essay, then further parts of the notebook could be dedicated to words of use in history essays, science essays and so on.

The aim of improving your vocabulary is to increase precision and reduce waffle. Put the new words you’ve learned to simple about good use right away, perhaps setting yourself the challenge of including a minimum number of new ones in each essay you write. This will help consolidate your knowledge at the same time as impressing the reader. One important thing to essay remember, though: don’t use big words just for the sake of it. Strategy! Using a long, obscure word when a simpler one would suffice risks making you sound pompous, which may have the opposite effect to violence in the family the one intended. What’s more, be wary of adding words for the sake of what is a paper it; cut the waffle by reviewing each sentence and violence essay, removing any words or sentences that don’t add anything to what you’re saying. Ultimately, your goal should be to make your writing as clear and easy-to-understand as possible, so that it is a pleasure to read. 3. Career Paper Essay! Words to help develop an family essay, argument. Part of checklist sounding intelligent in violence an essay is not repeating yourself; as you’re writing, focus on using language effectively to help build an argument and create a sense of simple about my birthday structure.

To that end, avoid using the same words every time; many people overuse the word “also”, for essay, example. Vary your language, and use words such as “moreover”, “furthermore” and “however”. Such words help develop your argument and my birthday, make the reader feel they are being guided through the violence in the, problems on a sort of ‘journey’ to your conclusion. Would you be able to summarise your essay between floors? We’ve probably all had it hammered into us that we should write an career essay, essay plan before we start writing, but before you even do that, you need to know what the argument you’re going to make actually is. Only then can you start writing the structure for an essay that builds up to your overall conclusion. In The! To condense what you’re trying to say into a short, snappy summary for you to work from, try making an essay, ‘Elevator Pitch’ style summary of what you intend to write and why readers should be interested in it. The Elevator Pitch is a technique used by salespeople when condensing the violence family, arguments for buying a product into the shortest possible summary of why a customer should consider a purchase. The salesperson is told to imagine themselves in a lift; in research the time it takes for that lift to reach the desired floor, they should have given a compelling argument in favour of that product that would result in the customer buying it, or at least wanting to know more.

Your Elevator Pitch for your essay should sell the idea of it to violence family essay a reader, leaving them wanting to read the essay in question. This is essay, quite a tough exercise, as it forces you to in the be ruthlessly concise in your thinking and strategy paper, choice of words; but you can use this summary to help you write your introduction, and violence, it’ll help you achieve clarity in what you’re trying to say. 5. Tell the essay about my birthday, reader what other people say. Be aware of who the foremost writers on in the essay a subject are, even if you decide not to reference them. For instance, anyone studying Beowulf should be aware of about JRR Tolkien’s essay, ‘The Monsters and the Critics.’ We’ve mentioned this on a previous article on essay writing, but it seems pertinent to mention it here too. Essays are a chance for you to show off how widely read you are, so make sure you quote other people’s opinions, and in the essay, original sources, on what you’re writing about. For example, if you were to write a history essay on early religious practices in Britain, you could quote original texts on that topic (such as Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People ) and checklist, also mention what a range of modern scholars have to violence say about the topic. Argument Essay! Contrasting views should be sought; it’s unlikely that everyone agrees on the topic, so show you’ve looked at in the family all the esl writing essay, possible angles.

For each of the subjects you’re studying, start a page in a notebook for important people in violence that field, with a summary of when they lived and what their views are. That way, you’ll have something to refer to when you’re writing an essay and want to consult appropriate scholars or other writers whose opinions you might wish to include. Don’t quote too much; mix citations with your own opinions so that it doesn’t look as though you have to hide behind other people’s words. It’s fine to disagree with a scholar you quote, provided you can give evidence and esl writing argument essay, reasoning for doing so. This shows that you have thought about violence in the essay, it and made your own mind up, rather than blindly accepting what that scholar has said; this demonstrates strong critical reasoning skills, one of the hallmarks of brilliant students. 6. Essay Questions! Syntax, punctuation and tone of voice.

Be honest: do you find your tone of voice interesting? You may not consciously realise it when you’re reading, but sophisticated sentence structures make the violence in the, world of difference to about how intelligent you sound. As we’ve already said, the most important consideration when you’re writing is violence in the family, making yourself easy for readers to understand; but you can still do this and is a research strategy paper, utilise a range of interesting syntax at the same time. Employ a variety of sentence structures, long and short, but don’t let your sentences become too long and rambling, or they become difficult to violence in the family essay read. Effective punctuation is vital in exploring connections questions conveying your arguments persuasively; the last thing a teacher or lecturer wants to read is an essay riddled with poor grammar. What’s more, the reader shouldn’t have to read a sentence more than once to understand it.

You probably already have a tone of voice you use for family essay, writing essays, but is it interesting and engaging? Read through some of explanatory essay your old essays and ask yourself honestly whether you find them absorbing. Violence In The! If they’re not, it could well be because you’ve not established the right tone of essay checklist voice. Essays constitute a formal, academic context, but that doesn’t mean you have to be boring. A confident tone of voice will help show the reader that you know what you’re talking about and reassure them that they’re in safe hands. Writing in the active rather than the passive voice is a well-known trick of the trade that writers use to give their writing a sense of immediacy and make it more compelling; you too can deploy this technique in your essays by steering clear of the passive voice (for example, rather than writing “Much work is being done to…”, say “Scholars are putting a great deal of effort into…”). Over the course of an entire essay, you’d be surprised what a difference this makes to your tone. We hope you’ve found these tips and techniques useful and that they help you take your essay-writing to new heights. If you have any tips you’d like to share with us, do let us know by leaving a comment below!

161 Responses to “How to Write Better Essays: 6 Practical Tips” June 10, 2014 at 4:16 pm, Jedi Santos said: Thanks for the tips!I’m looking forward for more! #128578; October 15, 2014 at 6:22 am, preeti said: October 23, 2014 at 4:26 pm, Rosanna said: I am so bad in violence in the essay my English essays, and exploring, speech. My teacher thinks I’m stupid and now i don’t know what to do. October 23, 2014 at 4:42 pm, ORA Admin said: We’ve published many articles on how to improve your essay-writing. You might be interested in these:

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Thank you for your comment. We have a variety of articles on the ORA website that may be able to help you. Family! Follow the link to this article. 14 Ways to Improve Your Grades if You’re Underperforming and see point 7 regarding essay writing skills. There are a list of links in this section to what research paper many of our essay writing articles.

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We also do not make use of essay banks and exploring connections questions, pre-written essays; everything is written fresh for each new order. Our service is completely confidential and we regard our customers' right to privacy very highly. The time-frames are specified by our customer. However, we recommend to place the order for as much time as you can allow as it is not only violence essay about writing the paper but about the essay, researching relevant materials as well. We can certainly provide you with a 2:1 level writing. But, because of differing standards of grading between universities (and even professors) a guarantee of in the grade is simple essay about, near impossible for essay any writing service, we suggest you to be careful of simple essay those that do. However, we do guarantee we will work on your paper until you are completely satisfied with it, if we don't get it right the first time we'll revise it until we do.

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